S.D. Maksymenko, K.S. Maksymenko
The main essential traits and principles of the genetic and modeling method are described in the article. It is proved that this method is one of the few in psychology (together with the longitude), that gives an opportunity to investigate the psychical development and thus its essential peculiarities. The possibilities of the method for the developmental and counseling psychology are revealed. The theoretical and methodological research and the resulting empirical data are noted to support the idea of the extreme scientific and applied productivity of the genetic and modeling method. The genetic psychology (and genetic modeling method as its basis) is shown to be the area of psychological knowledge, which can provide a prediction of personality development, by only on condition of the ideographic approach implementation (in the native psychology that term meets the concept of “clinical approach”). To explicate and describe a personality as a self-developing integrity is the essential task of genetic personality psychology, a branch of psychological science with great prospects. A subjective paradigm in combination with genetic and modeling research method, the acceptance of new postmodern views on the nature and structure of a unique human life, a correct transposition of the best achievements of the native psychology of the personality in work are the methodological platform for the genetic psychology in an effort to reveal the essential characteristics of the most amazing psychological phenomenon like the phenomenon of personality, its dynamics and structure.
Key words: genetic modeling method, personality psychology, investigation, methodology, development, crisis, help.
The article focuses on the psychological peculiarities of existential concepts as spiritual and practical phenomena that characterize the personality’s emotional and psychological experience and is the result of his/her free choice. The peculiarities of the crisis of major human existential and value parameters have been highlighted. The basic directions of the problem of spirituality scientific research have been presented. The main directions to the understanding of existential concept which determines the being of any individual, his/her relation to life and death, self- assessment of his/her position in the world and the human environment have been analysed. It has been defined that the vitality of the contemporary personality and overcoming of certain difficulties of being are closely connected with the qualitative transformation of the inner world which takes place in the professional activity of the person. But this transformation is due to the maturity of the individual as it contributes to the professionalization and professional ethics and the further development of the personality potential. Special attention is devoted to the relations between spirituality and responsibility as key elements of future specialists’ professional competence. The importance of responsibility in students’ life has been emphasized when understanding and interpretation of life experience in the personal and professional development, the acquisition of skills is carried out.
Key words: spirituality, existential concepts, life experience, human being, students, a future specialist, professional responsibility, professional ethics, professional development.
UDC 37. 047
In the article the characteristics of psychological and socio-psychological relations in a collective body are analysed. One of the most important roles in the formation, development and implementation of intellectual capital is determined to play an institution of higher education, which directly generates human capital of the society. The specificity of psychological and socio-psychological relationships in the structural unit of higher education is considered. We characterize the determinants of this specificity to identify strengths and weaknesses in existing subdivision conditions. The school is proved to create its own learning environment and organizational culture. The ethical values of the studied organization’s employees were found to be: attention to individual personality traits of employees, creating an enabling environment for free disclosure of identity, guarantee workers’ rights, non-discrimination, creating areas of personal responsibility, etc. Two types of interaction are revealed, they are: interpersonal and intergroup. The impact of organizational culture on the effectiveness of the university is proved to depend largely on how organizational culture is attractive to employees of the university, i.e. how its content meets their basic needs and interests. Corporate culture can give meaning to human activity, fill it with content, stimulate activity and innovation.
Key words: psychological relations, social and psychological relations, interpersonal interaction, intergroup interaction, organizational culture.
The creative worldview is regarded as a process that is based on the strategic organization and regulation. The strategic approach by V.O.Moliako on the understanding of the phenomenon of the creative worldview is the main source of the following ideas. The creative worldview is investigated through the prism of the conception of profound as preimage prerequisites of its organization, where рre-images serve as psychic determinants of perceptive construction of the world’s image. The creative worldview which is based on the intersubjective principles of the image construction, is regarded as a complex system of dispositions. A unified complex of dispositions is understood as a holistic guideline – the strategic disposition (synthetic readiness for perception). The original forms of experience are united by means of this strategic structure of the potential action on the basis of the intersubjectivity as profound operational and motivational factor of the creative worldview, where the main attention is paid to the role of the unconscious in determining pre-image prerequisites of the perceptive construction of the world’s image. It is noted that the effectiveness of studying the role of unconsciousness in the creative worldview is caused by the fact as far the research of actualization process of profound prerequisites like its forming factors is carried out. The inquiry of methods CARUS is found to be obvious because it will serve as a universal background for the investigation of any cognition process, a kind of activity and so on. It will definitely help in clarifying of the origins of profound prerequisites of a creative worldview.
Key words: creative worldview, pre-image prerequisites, pre-image, unconscious, experience, strategy, intersubjective perception, disposition.
In the article the author published the author’s research program, which aims to explore the experiences of envy in adolescence as a sensitive period of their achievements realizing and the formation of attitude towards somebody’s success in life. Building the strategy and tactics of the research, we proceeded from the fact that envy formation is a complicated, holistic system formation, the psychological nature of which reflects the peculiarities of a man’s self–consciousness, its needs, motivational, emotional and volitional spheres. In this connection, a particular attention was paid to the young men’s deep semantic representations of envy, the research of psychological characteristics of adolescence needs and motives, as well as the specific emotional and volitional manifestations at this age period. Generalization and extrapolation of obtained information will let to create a psychological portrait of those who have expressed nonspecific psychological symptoms of envy that are reflected in the levels of behavioral, cognitive and emotional manifestations.
Key words: envy, self-awareness, self-realization, frustration of needs, emotional instability condition, ambivalent feelings of envy, degradation behavior, identity.
The article is devoted to the theoretical and empirical study of self-attitude, the availability of communication between modalities of teenagers’ self-attitude who are in a situation of social deprivation. The problem of the social situation influence on the structure of self-attitude, the complexity of self-attitude structure, the level of self-attitude expression and its separate modalities are reflected in the article. The influence of a specific social situation that creates conditions for the formation of non-uniform structural components of self-attitude, which in turn affects the features of relations between the components of self-attitude and the degree of integration of the selfattitude components into a single system, is displayed in the article. It is defined that development entities in the particular conditions of social situation, when vital opportunity of satisfaction is restricted the need is important, stipulate emergence of a psychological phenomenon, deprivation. Interactions in a family environment promote to personal development, become barrier between abilities and personality’s realization, influence on integration of self-attitude components in a united system, that, in turn, lead to generating not a harmonious self-attitude and breach personality progresses of a man formation.
Key words: personality, self-attitude, teenagers, modality, components of self-attitude, social situation of deprivation.
In the article the main directions of future teachers’ preparation to professional interpersonal interaction are described and analyzed. A psychological analysis of the content of individual training of specialists in the education system is carried out. The principles of professional interaction organization in the system «teacher-teacher» are defined. The theoretical positions and practical approaches to the problem of future teachers’ preparation for the interpersonal interaction are uncovered. The approaches to the problem of the professional interpersonal interaction between Ukrainian and Russian psychologists are considered. Theoretical and methodological basis of teachers’ training to interpersonal interaction in modern conditions is the unity of theory and practice, as well as the content of psychological and pedagogical training. The study of the problem is connected with the categories of subjectsubject interaction. Their expression in a humanistic psychology is the action of subject-subject educational relations of the system «teacher – student» and professional – in the system «teacher – teacher». Pedagogical interaction in this article includes the professional interpersonal interaction that is considered in the relationship «teacher – teacher» and «teacher – student».
Key words: interpersonal interaction, pedagogical communication, personal training, self-regulation, self-awareness, self-esteem, empathy, reflection, motivational orientation, humanistic orientation, professional competence, communicative.
Different methods of study of an interpersonal conflict and the methods of its decision are considered. The questions of teenagers’ awareness of the conflict, its structure, dynamics, experiencing of people in the conflict, estimations of the conflict and individual features of people’s conduct in the conflict are examined in psychological and pedagogical literature. In the article the information and analysis of research of sexual and age specific and dynamic of teenagers’ notion about the structural components of the conflict are presented. The teenagers have an adequate picture of the conflict. Girls and boys are the participants of the conflicts. Basic factors of the origin of conflicts of teenagers are disagreement with opinion of other people, unwillingness to divide. Senior teenagers give more unfolded and compound answers at description of the conflicts. The teenagers present the conflict with the different degree of participation of boys and girls in it. In teenagers’ opinion the girls are first who analyze the conflict situation. The boys are the initiators of conflict. The physical and verbal aggression is more peculiar to the boys, and the indirect aggression is more peculiar to the girls. The girls are more inclined to revenge and to peaceful permission of the conflict in the process of co-operation. The boys win the conflicts more frequently. The boys and girls have different degree of emphaticness of evaluation of counterparts. Maximalism is more peculiar to the girls’ voices. The boys estimate a benefit by the conflict higher than girls.
Key words: conflict, conflict situation, conflict co-operation, interpersonal conflict, teenager.
The features of the forming experiment realization directed to the development of professionally meaningful characteristics of future psychologists’ personality maturity are described in the article. The professionally meaningful characteristics of future psychologists’ personality maturity are the following: selfregulation, independence, creativity, intellectuality, communicability, empathy, morality, responsibility, Ego-identity, self-acceptance, authenticity, transcendence, and self-actualization. Reasonably looks of different researchers are to forming the professionally meaningful characteristics of future psychologists’ personality maturity with the help of the various psychological methods, receptions and forms. The most effective methods are proved to be methods of active social and psychological education, psychotraining of a different direction, writing of diaries and autonarration, relaxation, psychogymnastics, playing technicians, group discussions. Expedient is the use of individual (psychological advising, psychodiagnostic, writing of diaries) and group forms of work (psychotraining, disputation, playing methods). The program of the development of professionally meaningful characteristics of future psychologists’ personality maturity was substantially worked out and approved. The efficiency of the program was proved by the positive dynamics of increasing the level of the development of professionally meaningful characteristics of future psychologists’ personality maturity.
Key words: personality maturity, professionally meaningful characteristic, future psychologist, forming experiment, development, method, reception, form, self-actualization, professional preparation.
UDC 316.64 – 32
The author’s empirical study results of the images of two regions (Western and Eastern Ukraine) as components of the modern youth’s mass geopolitical consciousness are described. The content and structure of social representations for these parts of the country, which are widespread among the inhabitants of the nine regions in Ukraine («Northen East», Kyiv, «Right-bank Center», «South», the Crimea, «East without Donbass», Donbass, Galicia, «West without Galicia») are analyzed as well as the peculiarities of the representations at the national level are defined. It turned out that the belief in the existence of these two politically different parts of our country is a component of the modern youth’s mass geopolitical consciousness, which is differently spread in different regions of Ukraine with the different political cultures. It was found that the existing associations on the East and West of the state often have culturally political character and their geopolitical images have some similarities (e.g., both regions are often endued with the analogical or similar political characteristics – corruption, inefficiency and injustice of power, etc.). The regional specificity of the representations for these parts of the country is manifested mainly in the priority of these or those images (or their components). The West of Ukraine (which is often associated with national culture) is perceived and evaluated better than the East (often associated with Russia). The content and nature of the images of these two regions are concerned with the effect of some psychological mechanisms such as stereotyping, idealizing, mythologizing, out-group favoritism and discrimination, internal-group favoritism and others.
Key words: geopolitical consciousness, geopolitical image, social representations, associations, Western Ukraine, Eastern Ukraine.
The basic approaches and definitions of hostility, existing in modern science are examined in the article. The analysis of conceptions and directions of medical and psychological researches of this phenomenon is conducted. It is considered that most information in literature is devoted to the analysis of hostility display in various situations. Few researches are devoted to the study of problem of hostility and its psychological components in education process. The peculiarities of hostility display at boys and girls teenage are considered. The conclusions about necessity to account the indexes of hostility in the work with teenagers are made. Social and psychological training for a correction and prophylaxis of hostility and aggression is formed. The perspective ways of subsequent research are presented.
Key words: hostility, anger, aggression, medical and psychological theories, personality, teenager, boys and girls.
Interpersonal relationships are the necessary condition of life and fully formation of a person. They represent the mutual connections and influence of people in the course of joint activity, which is characterized by a unity and interference of the processes of cognition and communication of people who take part in these activities. Interpersonal relationships arise and exist on the basis of certain feelings of one person to another. Communication is a process of interaction between people where interpersonal relationships are realized. In the system of interpersonal relationships, each person has his own interpersonal role, which imposes on him certain rights and obligations. In social psychology the interpersonal relations are considered to be the essence, the realization of communication, during which each person plays the interpersonal role.
Key words: interpersonal relationships, relationships, psychological mechanisms, contexts of interpersonal relationships, communication, interpersonal role.
UDC 159.9 + 316.6 + 616.89
The article presents the results of the adaptation and standardization of the author’s new technique “Computer visual test EmAT v_1.4», designed to study the characteristics of social influence on the content and structure of the social representations of the body. Works of Moscovici S., Molinero P., Mamali K., Wagner W., Sen R., Hayes N., Vachelke J., Tafani E., De Rosa A. and Farr R. proved possible to study visual component of social representation. Socially shared significant image is embodied in the visual stimulus. Thus, the visual stimulus is a set of “hub” of social symbols, meanings, signs, social and cultural sense, rules, parameters and criteria to comprehensively evaluate and interpret the object of social representations. This image can be verbalized or exist in the form of a certain object reference model of social representations. To reduce the time the organization of the study and handling of the data had to be developed to author programs, making it possible to work through the organization consistent with the stimulus materials of the respondents the same algorithm to identify meaningful features of their ideas about the body. The results of the psychometric analyzes suggest that the “Computer visual test EmAT v_1.4» corresponds to the psychometric standards and can be used to diagnose the content of visual component of social representations of the body, the degree of body dissatisfaction and isolation of persons at risk of eating disorders. Factor analysis reproduced the structure of the central elements of a stable core of social representations of the body, which confirmed the possibility of studying the phenomenon of “masking zone” of the core through this test. Test standardization allows both research purposes, as well as in individual psychological work.
Key words: social representation, structural approach, central core theory.
The article is devoted to the role of educational competences of the teacher-educator, who gives the proper care to the child in the particular situation, when parents neglect child’s general development needs as well as the need to develop latent talents and abilities. It is important that educational dysfunctions and pathologies which are developing in the child’s family are detected and checked in time. The teacher-educator should all uncover needs of a child and provide him with security and conditions for adequate physical and mental development. High competence of the teacher-educator ensures education and tutelage that may increase child’s cognitive sphere, reveals his talents and helps him to become independent in learning process. All these qualities will help children in their further self-realization and improvement of life quality. In what way the child will be perceived in the school environment mainly depends on the competence of the teachers-educators, educational atmosphere, a culture of a school life, rapid diagnosis of the child’s family and also quick determination of his educational needs in order to be able to choose the appropriate forms of support and assistance for elimination factors which limit or impede his proper psycho-physical development.
Key words: inefficient family, educational neglect, capable child, gift, teacher-educator, competencies, development, socializing institution, education, needs, appropriate forms, determination, diagnosis, talents and abilities.
The needs as main determinants of activity are considered in the article. The formation of the individual as a personality in the process of socialization is described that is accompanied by means of transformation of its needs. The purpose of the process of socialization in the securing of the development and needs improvement, their transfer to a qualitatively higher level of the development of the personality is clarified. The needs are envisaged as the constituent elements of motivational sphere of the individual that covers their research in the relatively integral representation. The selection on the list of needs that were catalogued into the scale of empiric examination is illustrated: the necessaries of good living conditions, sex satisfaction, law and order, security, religious belief, moral standards (kindness, sympathy, honesty), communication need, friendship, starting a family, artistic needs (to perceive the beauty of the world, people), the necessary of a creative activity (technical, artistic, scientific), social acceptance, political knowledge and activity, studies, labor, self-realization (in professional and other areas).
Key words: meeting the needs, personal and public nature of the need, the need, the socialization, the transformation of needs.
Factors that can influence the occurrence of Internet addiction are analysed in the article, their role in the formation of internal changes and changes in the structure of individual addicts is described. Internet addiction is determined to be an important and urgent problem, as can greatly affect a person, cause deformities, impair a person’s ability to establish relationships with society. In this regard, there is a need to identify the factors that contribute to the formation of Internet addiction. The author generalized approaches to understanding the reasons that contribute to the formation of Internet addiction, which can be divided into several groups: individual psychological, social, psychological and properties of Internet environment. It is established that the individual psychological determinants include anxiety, low self-esteem, isolation, shyness, rigidity, conflict, aggression. The author determined the social and psychological – unrealized need for identity, social isolation of personality deprivation, frustration of social needs, the rejection of group identity, the inability to identify with the reference group. The necessity of referring to the properties of the Internet environment is conducive to the emergence of dependence such traits as anonymity, accessibility, significant opportunities for the manifestation of activity, the use of virtual “Me” in self-presentation. These groups of factors are determined to be interrelated and complex influence on the individual. A promising area of research is to conduct an experimental study to explore in depth the factors that lead to the formation of Internet addiction.
Key words: Internet addiction, addicts, addiction, personality determinants, social determinants, the online environment, psychological dependence, Internet.
The author analyzes the main theoretical approaches to the definition of personality professional formation. Professional formation is considered from the perspective of existential personal, system and subject activity approaches. The stage of professional training is the best period in the future professional psychologist’s development, a period when the results of social psychological support are the most efficient implemented and observed. Professionalism is defined as the ideal outcome of identity within professional relationships and a high level that requires the development of business skills, creativity, an adequate level of aspiration, motivation and scope values, contributing to specialist’s progressive (tolerant) professional development. Considering the criteria of professionalism and personal components out professional self-development, locus of control as a professional focus on the search for the causes of success or failure in itself and within the profession, in full awareness of the features and characteristics of a professional, advanced professional consciousness, holistic vision of the future look of himself as a professional and development of the profession itself by means of a self-compensation of missing qualities. Two grounds of professional personal development are distinguished as the following: classification of work in connection with the possible inclusion in their creative subject and the dynamics of its professionalism. The difference between “personal” and “professional” is that personal space is wider than professional, and personal space is underlying in professional, defining its beginning, progress and completion. There are stages of professional development in the center of which is the value that is the attitude to oneself, “self” and “self” of the individual.
Key words: tolerance, identity, professional consciousness, intolerance, dynamics, professionalism, personal components.
The features of the life perspective as a dynamic component in the structure of a personality have been analyzed. The determinants of designing of persons’ with disabilities life course, including the leading factor of the life situation, where there are people with disabilities are identified. The life situation was found to require a constant adjustment and completion of life perspective and has an impact on the internal world of the individual. The analysis of approaches has been done to the definition of the situation in psychology and a vital role in the dynamics of the situation and construction of vital life perspective and life-world view of persons with disabilities. The exploration of appropriate situations was determined to apply an integrated approach. In this article the situation considered in the time-space continuum and as like that, which have two-pole principle and takes to considering the subjective and objective conditions occur. The objective and subjective parameters of the situation, the value of the critical situation in the lives of people with congenital disabilities have been analyzed. Considering the disability as life crisis, for people with congenital and acquired disabilities this situation is somewhat different effect on the building, and, moreover, the dynamic construction of life perspectives in time-spatial continuum. For those who have acquired a disability during life, life outlook is characterized by greater dynamism and the need to make life changes.
Key words: life perspective, life-world view, life situation, individual perception of the situation, situational approach, time perspective, a person with a disability.
The essence of the process of the textual information comprehension at foreign language classes is analyzed in the article. It is noted that the existing methods and approaches to the study of comprehension are connected with philosophy and logic. This article envisages the peculiarities of students’ comprehension of textual information in a foreign language on the basis of philosophical and psychological principles that determine the course of this process, while studying at higher educational establishment. The article reveales a specificity of understanding’s argumentation as the subject of the study of philosophy and logic, the psychological characteristics of the process of comprehension and the features of students training at foreign language classes are distinguished. These features should primarily promote the activation of mechanisms of thinking, mastering of the text comprehension skills and form the students’ desire of creativity in any form. The psychological characteristics of the process of understanding are grounded; the peculiarities of students training at foreign language lessons are outlined in order to activate their mechanisms of thinking and their mastering skills of textual information understanding.
Key words: development, personality, philosophical and psychological principles, thinking, comprehension, creative task.
O.V. Kohan, I.L. Rudzevych
In the article the issues of the features of a healthy way of life, an analysis of a healthy lifestyle in the modern practice are explained. The motivation component of a healthy way of life of pupils with mental disabilities and their patterns of development that influence the cognitive, emotional and motivational and behavioral components of a healthy way of life are determined. We considered innovative approaches and some of the techniques of a healthy way of life of pupils with mental disabilities, particularly the formation of motives and needs in the regular employment of athletic activities, the formation of knowledge and teaching skills in a usage of physical training means to maintain a normal mental and physical condition, as well as the skills of their implementation in daily activities. On such position the issue of hygienic education and promotion of healthy lifestyle among children and adolescents in educational institutions is directed on the prevention of smoking, alcoholism, drug abuse, a number of teaching hours at schools to engage mobile games, physical education and sports. The main means of achieving the goal is primarily the pupils’ with mental disabilities mastering of basic knowledge and skills concerning individual health formation. This in turn provides a stable combination of needs, motives in regular physical exercising with a set of applied knowledge and skills, aimed at practical using in the context of permanent personal physical adaptive, sport training activities realization as one of the components of healthy way of life performing.
Key words: healthy lifestyle, components of a healthy way of life, educational and correction process, pupils with intelligence disabilities, valeology, sports and recreation activities.
- Kononenko, V.Kuzmina
The article envisages the determinants of semantic motivation of lawyers’ professional work, lawyers’ semantic representation of professional and motivational components that influence the development of future lawyers’ sense of justice. In the current research, a position of the motivational components is determined by the vector of effective self-determination and selffulfillment in life, which contributes to its successful adaptation and self-development. It means that each person must have not only some knowledge in the field of legal psychology, but also incorporates knowledge into the practice in his life. Thus, the problem of training of highly qualified legal expert has now acquired great importance, and modern society presents to graduate high school special requirements, among which an important place is occupied by high professionalism and competence. The motivation of lawyer’s justice sense is determined by a complex ratio of the various motives that make need-motivational, cognitiveemotional and communicative sphere. It is considered as a driving factor in increasing the efficiency of professional development and professionalism that this property contributes to the development of professional education and training of the lawyer’s personality acmeological culture.
Key words: professionally important qualities of future lawyers, motivation, sense of justice, professional competence.
The article is devoted the analysis of possibilities of the projective approach usage (on the example of Lusher color test technique) in the research of personality relation to the life-script. 16 possible categories of variants personality relation to itself and to the life-script are selected. On the basis of association of these categories four positions of personality relation to itself and to the life-script are selected: «Me+; life-script+», «Me-; life-script+», «Me+; life-script-», «Me-; life-script-». The first position includes an acceptance of personality itself and specific own life-script development; the second position comprises non-acceptance of personality itself in the life-script; the third position incorporates an acceptance of itself, but objecting is present against the life-script; the realization of anti life-script, and the last position includes the complete non-acceptance of itself and the life-script, the presence of depression is possible. Possibilities of personality are certain in relation to understanding of specific life-script displays in accordance to the selected positions. The guidelines on the use of color choice method for research of the life-script’s features are given. In particular, age-dependent limitations indicate on the use of this method for research of person’s life-script. The further prospects of the study in the attitude toward life-script with other psychological descriptions of personality are outlined.
Key words: adolescence, color choice, course of life, life-script, position of attitude toward life-script, position of attitude to itself, projective method, transactional analysis.
An analysis of the formation and development of the concept “style” and its importance for the development of the individual management lawyer’s style, which is based on the theoretical analysis of the psychological literature is represented. An approach to the construction of the psychological concept of the individual lawyer’s style development, which is based on the integration of current knowledge about the personality and management style, is proposed. An approach to the improving the professional style of interaction and control of lawyers, which is based on their familiarization with the modern understanding of the style problem, building of the ideal model of lawyer’s style management and, on this basis, the correction of their own management style by the professional, is proposed.
Key words: style, individual style, management style, theoretical approaches, individual lawyer’s style, professional style, formation of management style, development of the lawyer’s style.
The article introduces the personal reliability concept as the system of personality characteristics which can serve as the basis for successful self-adjustment in different spheres of life. Maturity and adequacy of personal reliability perceptions are proved to be among the most vital indicators of the university students’ readiness for further professional activities: mentality relies on the system of socio-cultural norms and specifies the modality of attitude to the category of morality in society, to forms of behavior and types of activities common for certain professional groups and therefore it constitutes a significant integral factor for personal reliability development of the future specialist. The author reveals theoretical and methodological principles and the program of psycho-semantic experiment, suggests the structure and the content of a number of research methods: method of direct and chain associations, method of free word descriptions, method of subjective scaling, modified variant of Charles Osgood semantic differential procedure. The semantic space of “reliability” is defined as the way to foretell achievements, duties, efficiency and effectiveness, which signifies the contextual and emotional capacity of the term, its high potential and energetic characteristics. It has been detected that mental image of the reliable person is determined by such components as sphere of values and meanings, close social ties, personal potential, reflection, orderliness and norm. The author outlines the possibilities of implementing the defined semantic spheres of personal reliability of the future specialists and professionals for securing their successful education and work.
Key words: personal reliability, mental image, perception, psychosemantics, associations, semantic space, semantic differential, future specialists, students, professionals.
In the article there is the attempt to identify guides of gender identity formation of a woman in current conditions towards her spiritual growth. It is stated that in this process traditional gender and role (basic, unchangeable) and dynamic guides are important for the woman. They depend on the social and economic development of the society at the moment and lead to the formation of those characteristics that facilitate her more successful adaptation to changes in the society. It is noted that the spiritual guides of gender identity formation of the modern woman are directly addressed to traditional conceptions about essential female characteristics that are determined by the cultural and historical experience of each population, such as its customs, traditions, culture and religion. With regards to Ukrainian women we should address the powerful spiritual heritage of the Ukrainian ethnos, and accordingly, support and influence original qualities of the Ukrainian women. The modern woman is recommended to afford herself to live a full life, to be feminine, to reach such a level where she will not play any role, but realize her inner power. Besides, she will combine her business personal characteristics with the essential female ones, and this will enable her to meaningfully satisfy her natural needs that have deep spiritual roots. Spiritual and psychological functions of a woman can be considered as functions of the feminine in a society and family as well as functions of a woman itself.
Key words: spiritual growth, spiritual development, feminineness, masculinity, feminism, gender identity, sexual identity, gender and role guides, spiritual needs.
- I. Levus
The article deals with personality traits of ethnically tolerant person. Tolerance is analysed as the readiness graciously accept behaviours, beliefs and attitudes of others that differ from their own, even when a person does not support those beliefs or views. Ethnic tolerance is understood as a complex entity of the personality and seen in tolerant attitude towards other ethnic groups. The tolerance as a personal trait is empirically found to be incompatible with irritability, aggressive behaviour and a desire to dominate. Ethnonihilism correlates with reduced background mood, darkness, preoccupation with their own experiences, indecision, conformality. Ethnofanaticism is associated with an aggressive attitude to the social environment, their unwillingness to follow the rules and regulations, attraction to thrill, selfish tendencies. The comparative analysis between individuals with different levels of tolerance let to reveal differences in their personality structure. Ethnically tolerant persons are confident, emotionally stable, tolerant of ambiguity, they have a wide variety of interests, they show an interest in ethical and philosophical issues. In their work, they tend to set the maximum and achieve goals. Ethnically intolerant persons are aggressive, selfish, focused on avoiding failures, they tend to dominate, with frustration intolerance and risk appetite. It is concluded that the ability to establish social contacts and understand the social interactions between individuals promotes ethnic tolerance.
Key words: tolerance, intolerance, social tolerance, ethnic tolerance, ethnonihilism, ethnofanaticism, ethnic identity, frustration intolerance.
The problem of emotional intelligence as a special construct and personality’s ability is considered in the article. The attention is paid to domestic and foreign concepts in the emotional intelligence, their common and different positions in relation to its structure and genesis of development. The comparative analysis of the empirical results is made in the study of emotional intelligence by various psychological schools. The author focused on intrapersonal and interpersonal emotional intelligence. Interpersonal emotional intelligence means understanding the emotions of others and their management. Intrapersonal emotional intelligence means understanding of their emotions and their management. Emotional intelligence is understood as an intellectual ability related to the understanding and management of personality’s emotional expressions. At the same time it gives the specific interpersonal orientation. According to the analysis it was revealed that emotional intelligence is an intellectual ability, aimed at understanding and managing emotional expressions (emotional experiences, emotional states, relationships, etc.).
Key words: emotional intelligence, intrapersonal emotional intelligence, interpersonal emotional intelligence, construct of personality, intellectual ability, psychological concepts.
The article analyzes the obscene language which is becoming today the norm of interpersonal communication among teenagers and adults. There are some approaches to the problem of the obscene language as the form of verbal aggression, the sociocultural phenomenon. The psychological origins of the phenomenon are analyzed. The most common used vocabulary is sexual vocabulary, euphemisms of genitals, exaggeration of defects. The semantic roots of the phenomenon are revealed and diagnosed, the reasons of the vocabulary usage are defined (the main reason is stress relief). The classification of the main reasons is given: the conflict resolution, examples set by parents, the word connection in the sentences. The negative (the deterioration of interpersonal relations) and positive (stress relief) consequences of this vocabulary usage are distinguished, the brief description of the remedial coach program is presented on the obscene language usage reduction at the juvenile and adolescent age, improvement of interpersonal communication without invective usage. The methods of the research are a talk (interview), listening to audio examples, the methods of public action and role playing. The results of coaching are checked by the method of sampling theory (mathematical statistics) and the given results testify to the effect of solving the problem by systematical psychological influence from the view of juvenile and adolescent age individual peculiarities.
Key words: invective, obscene language, aggression, destructive behavior, life-coaching, correctional, remedial work, the methods of influence, mini-VAAL.
- Mykhalska, N. Slavina
This article envisages the actual problem of the professional consciousness formation in youth age. It proves that the consciousness plays a big role in the development of personality. The development of youth consciousness depends on some conditions. First of all the communication with people much influences on the process of self-determination. Then the training of future specialists in different subjects such as psychology takes great part in the cognition and self-cognition aspects. As a rule psychology forms standard knowledge more than destroys the reflexive skills which are needed by specialists in future especially in psychological work for the effective interactivity and communication. The structure of professional self-determination can be shown by the next components: professional tolerant, professional skills, the mark of relations, the own development in future. The professional activities depend on the development of personality and self-determination of the future specialists, how a person can organize and behave in unknown environment. A person must have psychological skills and use it. Therefore this links form useful skills and necessary knowledge in future.
Key words: consciousness, youth age, self-determination, professional consciousness, “Self-concept”, studies, self-appraisal, personality, reflection.
The article shows the results of the research of command styles of border guard officer. Psychological influence of the officer’s chosen style on the administrative actions of personnel of Border Services subdivision is practically proved. The data retrieval let us analyze the styles of management in the process of operational service activity of officers and distinguish the usage of different styles of male and female officers. The results of the research concretized the characteristics of the present styles: authoritarian, democratic and liberal. The article describes combined styles of management and their interrelations in official activities of the Head of the Border Control authority. In every investigated group all three styles of guidance were mentioned: democratic, authoritarian, liberal. It was taken into account that border guard units were military units, our suggestion about the superiority of authoritarian leadership style has not found its confirmation according to the results of the research. It is important for a leader to take into account a presence, influence, prevailing of the mixed styles of management for achievement the maximal influence on the personnel for the solving current and suddenly appeared tasks of operational service activity of officers. The leading role of solving the operational activities of border guard officer plays a democratic style of leadership. It meets modern requirements in conditions of reforming law enforcement of Ukraine.
Key words: style, command, guidance, officer, influence, subjectivity, personality, professionalism, experience.
John Paul II in his Message for World Communications Day in 1981, at that time already witnessing great power of media impact on the man, a great scale of opportunities and possible threats, especially of the man and the society knuckled under so called ‘toys’, very significantly stated that human dignity required that he would act out of a conscious and free choice that is personally, being driven and led from the inside and not under the influence of a blind inner lift or even outer compulsion/John Paul II, the Message, 1981/. These thoughts create mobilization for a permanent search and promotion of such a concept of the man and the society which will be of such aid for anthropology that will resist media power, will not allow the man to be knuckled by ‘toys’ but will use them as tools of enrichment for the man and the society. The author of this discourse believes that system personalism is the answer. It promotes the man as a person and the society as a community of persons with a great scale of inner power and constant search for higher values, especially the truth, the good, the beauty and, above all, love, in the prospect of a gift and transcendence.
Key words: anthropology, system personalism, media pedagogy, person, mobilization, multimedia, a concept of the man, society, values, auxiliary basis.
Ondo Ange Alisa
In the given article we analyze and sum up opinions of the authors concerning the nature of life-attitude. The problems and the relevance of life-attitude are formulated. The structural features, mechanisms of functioning, patterns of development and life-attitude becoming are described. Life-attitude is an internal psychological aspect of socially mature person with self-identity. Life-attitude determines the character of the whole life of the individual. The basis of life-attitude consist the worldview that defines the implementation of position in life, manifested in the activities and behavior according to the perceived goals of the individual. Many psychologists believe that life position affects the formation of interpersonal relationships. The value orientation that is the relationship to the real and spiritual values, which leave their imprint on goal setting, choice of ways and means of implementation and the choice of orientation of activity are relevant for the position of the individual. The constructing attitudes and strategies are based on the system of values, causing the selection of alternative decision. The position in life includes: 1) the needs and attitudes; 2) knowledge; 3) beliefs; 4) availability to act; 5) actions to achieve life goals. An integral part of personal development is just forming life-attitude with meaning and value orientations. That is why it is necessary to research in close connection with the study of various aspects and worldview. The logic of our study provides further exploration of the relationship of teenagers’ life-attitude of their body image realization, physical self-image.
Key words: life-attitude, attitude, lifestyle, internal position, personality, self-concept, activity, interaction, role, relationships.
UDC 159.923.2 – 057.87
The article envisages self-appraisal as a component of a personality’s Me-concept of future specialists of socionomic professions. The self-appraisal is analysed to determine the formation of a number of professionally significant qualities. It is proved that the self-appraisal’s regulatory function concerning the activity is shown in different directions: it influences on the choice of personal goals, sets specific emotional and motivational states, stipulates the nature of appraisal and person’s attitude to the achieved goals. As a result of analysis the question is put concerning the necessity to improve the social and psychological culture of future specialists of socionomic professions correlated with the mastering of intercourse means, with the formation of tendencies toward self-expression, self-realization, self-determination, self-control. The future specialists of socionomic professions are studied to have formed tendencies to self-realization, self-actualization and self-regulation skills. The student’s educational activity is shown to form a significant proportion of the self-regulation and reflection processes and divergence or convergence between the desired “Me” image and the actual properties give rise to dissatisfaction, anxiety, discomfort, or tranquility, confidence. It is established that the appraisal of personal advantages and disadvantages, the appraisal of personal achievements and capabilities is an essential aspect of self-appraisal, which affects the way a person chooses the objectives in the course of his or her professional activity. The self-appraisal is a component of the reflection of self-consciousness performing a regulatory function, the relation of the personality to the results of personal images comparison of real and ideal “Me”.
Key words: self-appraisal, self-control, self-expression, self-regulation, reflection, self-consciousness, “Me”-concept, professional activity, future specialists of socionomic professions, personality.
The article analyses the problem of adaptation processes in the context of future teachers’ professional training, it deals with peculiarities of students’ adaptation to the new educational situation caused by the transition from the informationalrecreating system of professional education to the personality oriented one, which is realised during life. The given work represents argumentation of the position by means of which the efficiency of professional training will be higher if an adaptation is directed to the academic process of innovation level and its professional orientation is intensified. The author proves that high adaptive potential of educational process is realized by means of prevailing values primarily connected with the students’ personal development. This position prearranges an adequate choice of contents, forms and methods of training, wide use of interactive teaching methods. The aims connected with personal formation of a professional, capable of personal and professional self-development are positioned as professionally meaningful. Students’ adaptation to constantly changing activity conditions is necessary for efficient teachers’ training according to the innovative educational standards; we mean adaptation of students’ personal achievements to professional activity, that is formation of a future teacher’s professionalism based on “self-concept”. And it is possible on condition that educational system provides position of a student as a subject of study and formation of his or her individual professional development trajectory.
Key words: adaptation, capability to adapt, adaptive processes, professional training, profession, education, competence directed education.
The article presents the theoretical and methodological analysis of the domestic and foreign researchers’ works concerning the nature of the phenomenon of the applied psychology, defines its role, specificity and place in the system of psychological knowledge. Also the essence of psychological practice and its relationship with the scientific, out of scientific and everyday psychology is defined. Psychological practice is a kind of a professional activity which is intended to define the psychological characteristics of situations and individuality (the client) or group making positive changes in the interaction between them and the prevention of unwanted behaviors for the most complete disclosure of essential powers of a man. Applied psychology is a bridge between the mental practice and different types of psychological knowledge – scientific, out of scientific and everyday psychology. The essence of professional work in the field of applied psychology is the generalization of scientific data, methods, techniques and theories with practical techniques and professional experience of practicing psychologists and the creation of technology based on the work of a practical psychologist with the typical customer issues and typical life circumstances in which it is located. It is proved that the basic unit in a methodical practice of psychology is a holistic psychological (social) technology, which is aimed at resolving typical life problems of the client.
Key words: applied psychology, psychological practice, scientific psychology, out of scientific psychology, everyday psychology, types of psychological knowledge, psychological technology.
UDC 159. 923.22
In the article the results of research of the students’ Me-conception dynamics are presented in complicated vital situations as an example of examinations. The basic peculiarities of the dynamics of self-attitude, self-appraisal, self-description, self-perception in time and space of vital events, self-appraisal of neurotic manifestations in the structure of students’ Me-conception in a complicated vital situation are determined. The analysis of the theoretical approaches to the understanding of the phenomenon of Me-conception of a personality allows to differentiate the studied phenomenon from the related concepts, to distinguish a cognitive aspect as well as emotionally-valued and behavioral ones in the structure of the studied phenomenon. In the thesis the notions of Me-conception and consciousness are not used as synonymous. The Meconception is a result, a final product of the process of self-consciousness. In the paper the features of Me-conception are studied in the expanded interpretation, in connection with the study of vital events. The features of Me-conception are studied in the complicated situation, such as examinations, taking into account its special professional and personality significance for young people getting higher education. A usual type of the complicated situation in the student age is an examination session. In static conditions boys have higher index of self-confidence, self-control and self-blame, but girls have a little higher index of selfattitude. Also, they have typically higher self-appraisal for all scales, except the scale of “handsome”, where leaders are girls. In the evaluation of psychological autobiography events boys are more optimistic, but girls are more pessimistic. Boys have lower indices of subjective assessment of neurotic symptoms than girls.
Key words: Me-conception, personality, psychological autobiography, psychological features of students, student age, complicated vital situation.
N.S. Pelykh, N.I. Levus
The peculiarities of sex-role socialization of teenagers with complete and single-parent families are envisaged in the article. The influence of the family on the formation of gender characteristics of a teenager is empirically investigated. The theoretical approaches to sex-role socialization of teenagers, psychological peculiarities of the formation of girls and boys’ gender roles are outlined. The role of family in sex-role socialization of teenagers is described. The sex-role features of the formation of a personality in an incomplete family is been analyzed. Some aspects of the relationship between parents and teenagers are studied. The analysis of the survey results made it possible to identify the causes of the formation of different gender identities based on a parental education. The factors of successful sex-role socialization of teenagers were found. This article deals with the place of the family in sex-role socialization of a child, the role of parents in parenting gender, revealed the family is the primary model that promotes mastering of sex-role behavior of a personality, reasonably, that harmonious, complete family lead to harmonious sex-role identification, while unfavorable or incomplete family has negative affects to the process of sex-role socialization of the child.
Key words: socialization, sex-role socialization, gender, gender role, teenager, family, identity, gender identity.
A need of the empirical study of psychological normative age crises is actualized including 23 years old crisis as a transition from adolescence to adulthood join. It is proved that every age crisis is a unique structured baseline symptom that indicates the nature of personality and inner feelings which are leading informative guide of a man in the system of own age. The results of the empirical research in the line of the concept of age crises symptoms (normative and non-normative) prove the analysis of the gender content of basic symptoms of the 23 years crisis or crisis of entering adulthood. It was found that the structure of the complex of symptoms in comparison with a particular age range helps to distinguish the concept of “age limit crisis development.” We consider psychological characteristics of the following development of the mentioned crisis in comparison with the previous crises (13 crisis and the crisis in 17), and the dynamics of individual symptoms (feelings of their own success or failure, proud of their achievements, cunning), which marked gender differentiation. We have suggested that the regularities of this crisis and previous crises regulations (13 and 17) can be successfully extrapolated to the future development of the age, which means that it is successfully predicted.
Key words: basic symptoms, age norm of crisis, the crisis of entering adulthood, the crisis of 23 years, symptom, complex of symptoms, phase.
The article envisages the lawyer’s professional consciousness as a special form of consciousness which is affected by a number of objective (social) and subjective (psychological) factors. It is shown that in the social life the objective factors of the development of individual lawyer’s professional consciousness are social institutions and society that affect the formation and development of lawyer’s professional consciousness and determine the processes of socialization and culturalization. Analysis of the objective factors in the development of lawyer’s professional consciousness made it possible to identify a system of such social phenomena as socio-economic structure of the society, the level and the structure of public consciousness, norms of morality and law, the system of general and vocational education. The features of the development of professional lawyers’ consciousness as a systemic formational component of the personal development have been revealed which include a set of special desires (subjective factors): trends, needs, motivations, interests, attitudes which are consciously being developed on the basis of the person’s intrinsic abilities as well as a set of skills and sustainable behavioral skills matching these desires and abilities, self-regulation, self-organization which are constantly revealed and require self-improvement.
Key words: lawyers’ professional activity, consciousness, professional consciousness, self-consciousness, the objective and subjective factors of the development of professional consciousness, professional personal potential.
The article deals with the theoretical concept of the personality moral development in the psychological paradigm. The opinions of scientists who dealt with the problem of moral development were considered. In particular the origin, the structure functioning of the moral phenomena within the sphere of national psychological researches have been taken into consideration. The problems of the youth moral development in vocational schools were clarified. The psycho-pedagogical conditions of students’ moral development in vocational education are analysed. In the article the program of experimental work on the study of student youth’s moral development peculiarities at vocational schools has been presented. A program of personality moral development psychological training is worked out. The results of experimental study of students’ moral development in the vocational schools are given. The study distinguished psycho-pedagogical conditions conducive to moral development of vocational students. The program of psychological training of the personality moral development is represented. The came to the conclusion that the effectiveness of psychological training depends on the positive results in the formation of moral attitudes of the individual. The requirements necessary for the effective realization of the students’ moral development program in vocational school are formulated.
Key words: personality moral development, moral education, integral orientation, psychological methods of moral consciousness, social and psychological attitudes, meaning of life orientations, psychological training, psycho-pedagogical conditions.
The main approaches and theories of the study of stress manifestations and personal stress resistance phenomenon are analyzed and generalized. The publications of Ukrainian and foreign scholars who studied the nature of stress and stress resistance were analyzed. The results of studying human self-regulation chain, coping strategies and mental defense mechanisms were reviewed. The notions of stress resistance as the properties of psyche were generalized. An overview of varieties of stress and the main types of its adaptation mechanisms was provided. Individual psychological factors which determine personal stress resistance were emphasized. The theories and models of professional stress concepts were analyzed. Psychological mechanisms of stress resistance within the context of various approaches were distinguished. The personal stress resistance phenomenon was explained on the basis of analysis of philosophical and psychological-educational views.
Key words: stress, stress resistance, particularities of psychological stress resistance mechanisms formation, psychological stress resistance factors, professional stress, psychological defense, coping mechanisms, emotional resistance, human self-regulation, properties of psyche.
This article is devoted to the peculiarities of system analysis application in the process of psychological research. The foundations of the system analysis, which serves as the logical organization and formalization of scientific content are revealed. Different approaches to the nature of the system methodology, its theoretical aspects, application features in the empirical studies are discussed. The positions of psychological schools implementing the principle of consistency differently in researches are determined. The contents of main components of the system description of psychic phenomena are represented. The main components of system analysis are the following: the structure and functions of psychological phenomena, basic processes and mechanisms that provide it. The directions of the results’ analysis of the psyche experimental study from the standpoint of functional systems theory are suggested. A perspective direction in further studies on the nature of the consciousness system structure is determined. The advantages of the system analysis are proved to be a means of the explanatory scheme improving within a specific scientific theory.
Key words: rationalistic philosophy, causal sequence of events, system analysis, ontological status, structural-level system, multisystem, complex approach, structural approach, holistic approach.
Psychological conditions of a future technical specialist personality developing are not completely ensured by the modern system of higher education, especially in the conditions of constant reduction of psychology and pedagogy disciplines. “Me-concept” is understood as a perceiving knowledge-oriented assistance and valuation by individual himself that is his thoughts and contemplations about himself. “Me-concept” is often described as a global notion, that is a general attitude of a person towards himself, what, in turn, consists of a large amount of “Me-concepts”, each of them is formed with a reference to a certain social role. Concepts of various aspects of a personality can essentially differ from each other, which help us to understand difference in a person’s behavior, for example, at home, at school, at work etc. Professional “Me-concept” gives an opportunity to accomplish a specific vision of working problems, their adequate valuation and regulation of successful activity of a technical specialist. Although the concept of “Me-concept” provides unity and identity of positive images, they can be quite inconsistent with each other and society and cause profound crisis of identity, impeding herself in the field of gender issues. Therefore, solving the issue of integration effects in the identification process is important to address the education of the individual as a representative of a particular gender, both in family and at the university.
Key words: Me-concept, self-awareness, self-esteem, subjective, objective, identity, reflection, socialization.
The article envisages the components of valued and semantic sphere of a teenager’s personality. Values and their groups are given as the following: terminal and instrumental value (M. Rokeach); moral, material and social and political (V.P. Tugarinov); social ideals, value, ideals and personality value (D.A. Leontiev). The definitions of valued orientations are being revealed: as objective, aspirations, desires, ideals of life (V.B. Olshanskyi, A.I. Titarenko); settings on the certain valuesof the material or moral culture (A.G. Zdravomislov, V.O. Yadov); demonstration needs (V.A. Zlotnіkov). The psychological basis of values and valued orientations is a stabilized focus of teenager interests. The most significant value of boyhood – the value of self-determination as a personality construct, which is a prerequisite for further personality evolution and an adequate choice life position are being revealed. The peculiarities of a teenager’s psychical life are defined: the dependence of self-relations from the external assessment, significant changes in the structure of value and relations to the life, orientations on getting a new social experience. The important values are empirically researched: safety, sociality, maturity, pleasure and valued orientations: freedom, health, gaiety, activity life, love, self-confidence (terminal values); independence, brave defend views, sensitivity (instrumental values). Further study of a personality’s valued and semantic sphere to distention and addition of the research is planned.
Key words: values, valued orientations, teenage, valued and semantic sphere, personality values, valued ideals, self-determination, self-relation.
In this article the main features of the current state of the problem of national self-consciousness of a personality of youth age are analyzed and the most promising directions of its further development are identified. A significant structural condition of this study is proved to the isolation unit of the national self-consciousness as the emotionally-value attitude of the personality to himself as a representative of a particular nation. Proposed and justified methodology of the study of emotionally-value attitude of the personality to himself as the representative of the nation. New experimental and empirical materials that reveal the age dynamics of emotionally-value attitude of the personality of youth age to himself as a representative of the Ukrainian nation are presented in the article. Quantitative types of emotionally-value attitude of the personality of youth age as a representative of the Ukrainian nation are determined and interpreted. The experimental results showed that the overwhelming majority of young people aged 17 to 22 years have a positive attitude to himself as a representative of the Ukrainian nation. It is stated that with age, slightly increasing number of young men with a high degree of positivity emotionally-value attitude of the personality as a representative of the Ukrainian nation, slightly decreasing number of young people with a higher than average degree of positivity of the self- attitude and somewhat fewer young people include unspecified national self-identity.
Key words: personality national self-consciousness, nation, emotionally-value attitude of the personality to himself as a representative of a particular nation, emotionally-value attitude of the young man to himself as a representative of the Ukrainian nation, positivity, vagueness, youth age.
UDC 159.92-055: [005.95:061]
The paper envisages the structure of gender interaction of personnel in organizations, which consists of three components: cognitive and communicative, emotional and evaluative, behavioural. The diagnostic method, based on the structure, is designed to measure the dominant type of gender interaction of personnel in organizations: “close” professional, “close” social, and distant types, which have been obtained by using factor analysis. “Close” professional type is a reflection of the professional cooperation of personnel in the organization. It also correlates more with cognitive and behavioural components of this interaction. “Close” social type reflects the characteristics of interpersonal communication of personnel, which are located outside the context of professional interaction and describes emotional-evaluative attitudes to colleagues of the same and opposite sex. This type is related to emotional and behavioural components of gender interaction. Distant type contains negative patterns of gender interaction in organization and is connected with its behavioural level. The text of questionnaire and test norms are given in the Appendix.
Key words: gender interaction, personnel of organizations, type of gender interaction, diagnostic method, standardization, test norms.
This article is about the analysis of psychological and pedagogical teenagers’ personal development accompaniment in the context of subject-genesis. Theoretical generalization of specific personalities during unstable society of postmodern period has been held. Psychological development determination in certain conditions is uncertain situation. Subject-genesis concept is considered as an important factor of personal life scenario in the context of existential choices in life creations vector. Genesis specific of subject self-realization during the teenager period of the development has been determined. The paper presents the problem of teenagers’ life experience awareness. Particular realization of teenagers’ activity is given, it shows human ability to self-development through subject initiative of motivated creative actions directed to personal self-determination and self-development. Basic aspects of teenagers’ formed habits to take responsibility for the actions (self-manifestation as future action subject) were analyzed. In the article the analysis of students in their teenager age responsible behaviour and its motivation are displayed. The psychological and pedagogical support of constructional motivation development of responsible teenagers’ behaviour by the communicative modelling and its tendencies is defined.
Key words: postmodern era, teenager (adolescence) age, subjectgenesis, activity, self-determination, responsibility, responsible behaviour, motivation, communicative modelling.
In the result of the analysis of psychological sources it was established that the problem of higher school personnel psychological readiness to the activity in the conditions of social and economic changes has not been the object of the special researches before. Also available scientific sources have not thoroughly analyzed the influence of various factors on the higher school personnel psychological readiness to the activity in the conditions of social and economic changes. Thus our study is directed to the determination of the peculiarities of organization and professional factors influence (position, level of education, type of education, work experience) on the development of higher school personnel psychological readiness to the activity in the conditions of social and economic changes. The relationship between the level of motivational component development of higher school personnel psychological readiness to the activity in the conditions of social and economic changes and the position of higher school personnel has been analysed. The higher position of scientific pedagogical workers is, the greater level of the motivational component development gets. The relationship between the level of the psychological readiness motivational component development and the level of the higher school personnel education has been revealed. In the result of the research we concluded that the higher level of personnel education is, the greater level of motivational component development gets. In the research it was envisaged that with the increasing of personnel’s teaching experience their motivation to activity is reducing in the conditions of social and economic changes.
Key words: social and economic changes, psychological readiness, personnel of higher school, organization and professional factors.
The article presents a general description of the facilities to have sex among women and men from crisis families and women from ordinary families, we give the comparative analysis results of female and male sample and women’s results from the crisis families and ordinary ones, which were studied (Eysenk Inventory of Attitudes to Sex, EIAS, 1989) by means of a questionnaire setting for sex. Method is based on Eysenk concept of personality. Along with the study of attitudes to sex, the questionnaire focused on the prediction of satisfaction with marriage (Eysenk, Wakefield, 1981), identification of abnormalities in sexual behavior (Eysenk, 1977), diagnosis of femininity – masculinity (Eysenk, 1971). We show results on 14 scales: permissibility, actualization, sexual neuroticism, impersonal sex, pornography, sexual modesty, chastity, aversion to sex, sexual arousal, physical sex, aggressive sex, sexual libido, sexual satisfaction, masculinity – femininity. We compiled psychological profile of women and men in terms of facilities to sex. The differences in women’s sexual installations samples differ in the level of trends, statistical significant differences were not found. Results of the study show statistically significant differences between women and men from crisis families in terms of sexual modesty, chastity, sexual arousal, aggressive sex, masculinity – femininity.
Key words: settings to sex, permissiveness, actualization, sexual neuroticism, impersonal sex, pornography, sexual modesty, chastity, aversion to sex, sexual arousal, physical sex, aggressive sex, sexual libido, sexual satisfaction, masculinity – femininity.
In the article the research results of the dynamics of the common adaptation and disadaptation processes parameters of physical training teachers’ personalities, as their pedagogical activity’s diagnostic and analytical sides of psychological support are submitted. And also, features of changes of parameters of the common adaptibility and disadaptation processes of physical training teachers’ personalities are determined depending on the stages of professional work and a gender belonging. On the basis of the definition of average value of parameters it has been established, that parameters of the common adaptation are within the limits of norm at all stages of professional work. Also, it is established, that during secondary professional education (28), essential dynamics parameters of aggression and self-efficiency have 33 years. Aggression grows up to a high level, and self-efficiency goes down to a level below average. While during primary professional educamtion (24 – 27 years) and professional skill (34 – 60 years), the given parameters are within the limits of norm. In everything which are mentioned above, stages of professional work, parameters of emotional burning out are overestimated. Thus, it testifies to necessity of psychological support for the given direction.
Key words: adaptation, disadaptation, psychological support, professional work, emotional burning out.
Adolescence is a special and difficult period of internal personal transformation. This is the time when a young person has to become more independent and responsible, to cope with new social roles. And at the same time a young person is not socially mature, does not have enough confidence in the new situation. That’s why scientists call this period of crisis. During this period there are the following new psychological structures: personal identity, self-determination. The problem of self-attitude is studied in psychology theory of self-consciousness. Within the framework of self-consciousness new level formation in adolescence, self-attitude is developed on completely different level and the grounds together with criteria of self-attitude are changed. Selfattitude starts to develop on the basis of behavior correspondence, personal views and persuasions, activity results. The scientists claim that we perceive ourselves as we are perceived by authoritative people. Adolescence is characterized by the development of the conscious balanced emotional and axiological attitude to yourself. In the given article we analyze and sum up opinions of the authors concerning the nature of adolescence self-attitude as a constituent of self-consciousness. Young people begin to consciously refer to themselves. Matching behavior and beliefs become the basis for a self-attitude. The definition of self-attitude is proved as emotionally-evaluative component of the self-concept of the personality adolescence. In this article, we take as a basis the structure of self-concept developed by famous psychologist Robert Berns. Constructive and optimistic attitude towards yourself, self-esteem is very important for success in the profession and in relationships with family and friends.
Key words: consciousness, self-consciousness, emotionally-evaluative attitude, self-attitude, cognitive representation, behavior, Me-concept, adolescence.
UDC 159.923.2 – 053.6
The article envisages the essence of self-confidence, its structure and correlation with other personal psychic phenomena. The latest researches of this problem were analyzed. The literature sources concerning investigated personal determinants of the teenagers’ self-confidence development were analyzed and summarized. In today’s world of self-confidence the character trait is very important and necessary, especially in a case of teenager’s children. At this time, there is a reassessment of their own interests, values, changing evaluation criteria of themselves. Analysis of scientific concepts makes it possible to conclusion, that self-confidence shows in a positive self-esteem, the skills and abilities to pursue their own goals and the satisfaction of personal needs. The structure of self-confidence consists of three components: cognitive, emotional, and behavioral. The cognitive component is a belief-in-selfefficacy. The emotional component characterizes boldness person in a social contacts. The behavioral component provides an external implementation of this psychological phenomenon and manifests its elfin interpersonal relationships. The teenage is a period of transition and crisis in the life of a child. The development of teenager’s self-confidence is stipulated by the influence of the dominant internal factors, such as reflection, optimism, autonomy. The level of self-confidence is correlated with the level of manifestation of the above personal determinants.
Key words: reflection, optimism, autonomy, self-confidence, self-efficacy, self-esteem, teenage, interpersonal relationships.
This article envisages the concept of future specialist’s «academic mobility» from the perspective of modern professional psychological and pedagogical innovation in higher school, its formation and development, which primarily is possible due to the active personal position of the individual in the education process, his desire to own professionally meaningful information, process information space and gain a professional qualification. As well as the essence of «academic mobility», that is the modern trend of education in post-Soviet space, which creates conditions for the development of academic mobility within continuing higher vocational education with the following requirements proposed in the process of professional training: mobility of professional educational programs, continuity and generalized knowledge, efficiency and flexibility of future specialists. The value of academic mobility becomes important in view of the fact that it outlines current trends continuing education, training and formation of future professionals. Academic mobility is on the one hand, the result of the system of continuing education and, on the other hand, makes the central organizing influence on all stages of formation and functioning of the system of continuing education. The formation and development of academic mobility of students provided personal creative transformation of education and vocational and educational reality.
Key words: academic mobility, identity, mobility features, synergetics processes of social and professional mobility, individual psychological factors, components of academic mobility, route of developing orientation.
The article is devoted to theoretical substantiation of the psychological conditions of future teachers’ professional consciousness development. The current state of the teacher’s professional consciousness problem research and perspectives for its solution are shown. A special role of the professional preparation in the process of professional consciousness forming and development is presented. A theoretical analysis of the noted conditions was carried out. The indicated conditions include the following: developing of cognitive and professional motives in the study motivational syndrome; a high level of readiness for the professional self-development; a presence of the professional orientation to the development and result; developing personal values of universalism, kindness and safety. Different stages of students’’ educational activity and special features of the indicated conditions development on the stages are examined. Three types of educational activity (academic, quasi-professional and professional) are shown. Perspectives in solution of the noted scientific problems concern the experimental study of the dynamics of future teachers’ professional consciousness development; an empirical study of the psychological conditions of future teachers’ professional consciousness development; inventing and approving the program of psychological and pedagogical support of future teachers’ professional consciousness development.
Key words: professional consciousness, teacher’s professional consciousness, educational activity, psychological conditions of professional consciousness development, motivation of educational activity, readiness for the professional self-development, professional orientation, personal values.
The problems and the relevance of deprivation injury phenomenon in psychology and its influence on military men’s adjustment disorders are revealed in the article. We analyze and sum up opinions of foreign and domestic scientists concerning the causality of deprivation injury origin. The results of modern researches as to the development and genesis patterns adaptation disorders, psychopathology and pathopsychological mechanisms of change in social status, its influence on psychoemotional status, specificity of interpersonal relationships, social adaptation, personal stress tolerance and psychological defenses of a personality are represented. Negative social and economic factors determine, first of all, violations adaptive response. Adjustment disorder is widely spread and account for about 5% of persons served by psychiatric institutions. Study of this problem is relevant to the period of service in the armed forces, when not all young people are able to move ahead of his home, the demands of the military environment and the specific atmosphere of interpersonal relationships. Soldier’s adjustment in Ukraine often gets known to a wide public resonance. Violation of adaptive responses in young soldiers affected a number of other important issues: ethical and legal, psychological, psychiatric, social, and general medical. Particularly acute in adjustment disorder is a problem of suicide or murder. In the army it is much larger due to the potential use of firearms. Therefore, in this article we consider the factor of emotional deprivation and information rights as a factor of low self-esteem, hypoplasia copingstrategies, very low resistance to frustration etc.
Key words: deprivation, adaptation, injury, stress resistance, behaviour, communication, mental disorders.