The three main directions are analyzed by the author: personality as an internal side of activities; personality as a person who has creative potential; process of personality formation in which the development of personality is examined in educational activities, and that differ in methodological starting position. Summing up the current state of researches in the theory of developmental education, it is noted that the use of formative experiment allowed to make sure that, indeed, experimental and genetic method allows you to create virtually any psychic structure in the subject of educational activities. It is concluded that in the system of developmental education the role of the teacher, as well as all educational activities are unique and quite unusual for traditional pedagogy. The results of the study suggest the specified stage in the study of the mental development of the child within the modern genetic psychology. The overall summary of this phase consists in that in the result of numerous and various studies there have been obtained irrefutable data, revealing the underlying mechanism of mental development, that it (development) is always mediated by cultural context. An object that is the product of human activities is «codified» and rolled fingerprint of psyche of not just a man, but literally the entire society. It is mentioned that genetic and modeling method is fully adequate to the object under study – existing and continuously variable personality.
Key words: personality, mental development, psyche, the process of personality formation, training activities, experimental and genetic method, cognitive motives, creative potential of the personality.
Theoretical analysis of the problem of would-be specialist’s life plans is disclosed in the article. The place of responsibility is considered in the temporal perspective’s structure of Higher School students. The problems of life plans are theoretically generalized, and the essence of the choice of profession as a key strategic action in human life is characterized by the author. The act is proved to be the highest form of the spiritual activity of the personality. The connection between the nature of a personality’s act and the syndrome of shock from the future is revealed in the work. Special consideration is given to psychological peculiarities of a would-be specialist’s understanding the influence of time during the Higher School students’ training period. Theoretical aspects of learning the problem of a personality’s temporal perspective during the training period are considered by the author. Peculiarities and a personality’s temporal perspective types are revealed in the article. The theoretical analysis of the student’s choice peculiarities are made as the subject of future professional activity. Existential aspect of experiencing time changes in the life of a personality associated with the professional development are disclosed by the author. The relationship of the action and the responsibility of each individual is shown in the study. Existential nature of time as a factor of human responsibility for implementing its own life project is proved in the article. The relationship of locus of control with a temporal perspective of a personality is disclosed. Features of Higher School students’ temporal perspectives are studied by the author. Temporal responsibility for the content and intensity’s dependence on social transformation is defined. Psychological characteristics of vision himself as a future specialist in the role of the professional in the context of subjective temporal perspective are considered in the article.
Key words: personality, life position, organization of life, effective independence, professional self-determination, activity, action, shock from the future, time, choice, spirituality, existentiality, life perspective, life plans, temporal perspective, professional reality, responsibility, students, would-be specialist, social view, professional view, motivation.
The paper presents the definitional analysis of dictionary interpretations of the concept of faith, which suggests that the overall definition of the word «faith» in different languages coincide; the analyzed concept has quite a wide range of values – truth and trust. Lexical and semantic analysis of the concept of faith proves that different dictionaries differentiate types of faith (belief in victory, in oneself, in people, in future) and its shape (religious and non-religious). The author examined the correlation of the concept of «faith» with such semantic concept as confidence. We consider trust as a form of faith that is formed in the early stages of personality development and impacts on his mental health. It is emphasized that faith and trust are two different social and psychological phenomena that are based on different psychological principles and serve different functions in human life. The paper also presents the views of the representatives of existential-humanistic approach to the relationship between the concepts of faith and hope. We consider the phenomenon of hope as a feeling, a psychological condition of a man, expectations of a positive result, the internal readiness for action. The correlation and differences between the concepts of faith and hope is analyzed, and it is found that on the one hand the hope and faith are the substructures of the optimistic consciousness and belief acts as a basis of the hope, on the other hand, these phenomena differ by content, forms of expression and functions. There have been investigated the views of philosophers and psychologists on the link of faith with the antagonistic concepts of doubt and disbelief. The hesitations are found to be the elements of faith and are always associated with the choice of the individual. The rational and irrational forms displaying doubt were distinguished. It is defined that the opposition of faith is unbelief as strong negation of anything. It is concluded that the concept of faith, trust and hope differ in content, form of expression and function.
Key words: faith, trust, confidence, hope, devotion, doubt, unbelief, semantic analysis.
In the article the complication of psycho- and socio-genesis of modern teenagers has been exposed; ambivalence of their inner world and attempt to assert oneself and defend by means of most typical and simple behavioral tactics. The psychocharacterological patterns of teenagers in the conditions of deprivation of family interaction have been educed, that get symptoms of anxiety, despondency, depressiveness, frustration and in the process of further development lead to the formation of momentous personality destructions, in particular psychoemotional disfunctions, the most typical indication is the emotional burnout. The row of specific peculiarities and problems which produce and attend the process of the emotional burnout of the personality is set. Privations of the real family interaction, absence of paternal attention and guardianship, unrealize in typical child and family roles and other deprivative depreciations which caused to psychoemotional burnout and to defensive aggressiveness of deprivative teenagers, have been analysed. Comparative description of features of the psychoemotional burnout of teenagers from boarding-school and secondary school have been conducted. Due to the comparative analysis of the obtained results there have been fixed those major indexes, which became as peculiar indicators of the psychoemotional states and disorders of deprivative teenagers from boarding-school and their schoolmates who brought up in family and got a secondary school. The conclusion has been made, that the constative results are the reason to assert about a necessity to give the first qualified psychological aid with modern developing technologies to the teenagers who are predisposed to many different symptoms of psychoemotional burnout.
Key words: psychoemotional burnout, teenager, anxiety, deprivation, psychoemotional states, factor, deprivative teenager, neurotization.
In this article the necessity of creating the own philosophy of the professional activities of Counseling Psychologist, which is built on the basis of his subjective experience of counseling interactions with clients, is grounded. The significance of the scientific integration of diverse foreign and domestic experience of psychological assistance, as well as work on a general theory of Psychotherapy or Counseling Psychology is underlined. The specific features of an integrated psychological theory of a counseling specialist are showed. The need for a deep knowledge in Personology in psychological counseling is stated. It is postulated, on the one hand, that counseling psychologist in professional activities has to rely on generalized scientific theory that allows him to operate generalized knowledge about the client; on the other hand – to consider the personality of the client. The structure of a qualified psychologist’s professional work is characterized. The main aspect in the psychologist and client’s consultative interaction of the individual sense experiences of latter is made. Another focus is made on the own concept of counseling psychologist. The principles of a consultant’s qualified approach are outlined. The significance of procedural, conceptual and value constructs of advisory role in programs of specialist’s training is underlined. The psychological counseling is noted not to be able free from theoretical model of possible or desirable personality changes of a client he acquires in the course of interactions with the consultant and any model assumes the existence and postulating a number of design objectives of the psychological care process. One of the guarantees of the ongoing professional psychological assistance is established to be consultant’s meaningful consistent application of the holistic and personally integrated theoretical and practical-value concept (theory), without which there can be no act of psychological interaction between consultant and client.
Key words: integrated psychological theory, the structure of professional psychologist’s work, own philosophy of psychologistconsultant, conceptual model of counseling, procession model of counseling, an integrated model of counseling.
The author of the article examines the concept of personality, describes the role of individual features in the choice of profession, specifies on existence of many various models of personality however asserts that there is not unambiguous definition of this concept. The examiner underlines that a person has the similar set of individual features however there is a dif ference in their intensity. The article deals with certain features, which a good man or worker has to follow. The researcher sets himself a question what is competent worker and presents to the reader several definitions that should help to formulate the definition and give an answer for the above-mentioned question. The author underlines those features of competent worker that are sent to the social environment, and those characteristics that play a meaningful role in work. The special role in the work is given to assertion – providing with respect oneself and other people, openness – having signs of tolerance in relation to ambiguous maintenance, intelligence – having ability to accept information correctly. The mentioned groups of individual features are important in operating the creative talent; every feature has other influence and differently operates on a worker and is used on different stage of creative activity. In order to use them in a work correctly and wisely a person needs openness, while independence plays a meaningful role in the moment of generation an idea. Persistence that influence on worker’s creative process appears only in the third order. Except mentioned individual peculiarities, the author indicates other features that are important for worker functioning, namely honesty, rightness, morality, selflessness, endurance, loyalty, confidence. We will notice that most features mentioned in the article relate to better adaptation to the vital changes in the modern changing world. It also concerns to changes that take place in the world of the so-called earnings migration. It should be remembered that accordingly adapted vital abilities have large influence on the choice of job and work status.
Key words: efficiency, individual features, functioning, activity, choice, personality, worker, level of competence.
The article states that mental health is a prerequisite for the formation of professional selfconsciousness, identity, effective professional activities of a specialist. It is the main, relatively non-specific basis for dynamic performance of all aspects of professional activities and overall well-being, makes harmonious development of the personality and achievements of professionalism. Mental health is established to be a state of equilibrium between the individual and the environment, adequate regulation of human behavior, the ability to withstand difficulties without adverse health effects. Mental health is indicated to be not just the absence of mental disorder. This is a state of well-being in which people can realize their own potential, cope with life stresses and work productively and contribute to the life of their community. It is concluded that mentally healthy person is that who not only has no symptoms and syndromes of mental disorder, but also socially adjusted and satisfied with the level of his life. The results of psychological factors preserve the mental health of future physicians. Based on the diagnostic complex the criteria of mental health of future physicians are formulated. The most important factors of mental health of future physicians are distinguished: attitude to health as the most important values of the skills of self-control; ability to deal with stressful situations. It is concluded that the prospects for personal and professional growth of a promising doctor depends on the complex of internal and external factors, which include both institutional and social conditions of professional development, and complex of psychological and pedagogical management techniques to personal and professional development.
Key words: psychological factors, mental health, future doctors, the criteria of mental health, mental health factors, the results of the study.
The article is devoted to the mechanisms and factors in the development of creative activity of old age people. The need for research is determined by the fact that the creative activity of the old age people is urgent and not enough developed, and the creative activity is one of the least determined concepts of psychological science. As a result of the theoretical analysis, the stages, levels, mechanisms and factors of the creative activity of old age people are defined. The result of the study was the scheme of the creative activity development of old age people within the subject approach, taking into account the cognitive, emotional and volitional and physical capabilities of the personality and their using to participate in the creative activity process. As a result of the study we identified the practical manifestation of old age people’s creative activity, carried out an analysis of indicators of levels of manifestation of old age people’s creative activity. It is noted that old age people’s creative activity as active creative prosperity, has three levels of manifestations: low, medium and high, according to the steps that meet the dynamics of the manifestation of the creative activity as active creative prosperity of old age people. The result of our work was the description of the internal psychological factors in the development of creative activity of old age people according to the step of determining the driving dynamics of the creative activity of old age people’s personalities as active creative prosperity in a targeted psychological and pedagogical impact of creative activity optimization as active creative prosperity as the following: the preservation of active creative psychological resource, adaptation, reflection.
Key words: creative activity, reflection, adaptation, active creative resource levels, mechanisms, old age, psychological factors, active creative prosperity.
Y.P . Danchuk
The paper presents the results of a theoretical analysis of the mental regulation issues. The meaning of regulation, mental regulation, and self-regulation is defined. It is theoretically determined that the study of the conscious self-regulation as a versatile system is to be preceded by the study of isolated regulatory processes, including orientation of the individual in terms of the activity and patterns of his/her analysis and monitoring of the self-regulation conditions in line with the concept of step by step formation of mental actions; psychological characteristics of the internal action plan as a development factor in regulatory processes; generalization and reflexive theoretical understanding of the tasks performed in the development of thinking as a self-regulating system; the role of self-esteem as a self-regulatory mechanism for the students’ progress in personality development; the role of motivation to improve the educational activity; and the influence of a person’s self-consciousness as concerns determination and orientation of his/her development. The paper indicates that inclusion of all these processes into the system of self-regulation, and its overall review and study together with the establishment of the main components and their constituents, is an important methodological issue facing psychologists. It is proved that the meaningful aspect of mental regulation is the less studied field since its research is related to the implementation of the least agreed views and positions compared with the study of the dynamic aspect. The paper establishes the formation aspects of mental regulation in ontogeny and its functional properties. It is proved that the knowledge of the formation properties of mental regulation allows for a more efficient training and education process, development of self-management and self-conduct abilities; it helps to effectively overcome difficulties and change oneself in accordance with one’s ideals, etc.
Key words: mental regulation, volitional regulation, self-regulation, activity, behavior, self-esteem, willpower, volitional characteristics.
The article envisages the features of a healthy lifestyle among young people. Healthy lifestyle is a vital function pursued by people, it is consciously selected and responsibly sustained in everyday life in order to maintain and promote health. The components of a healthy lifestyle include elements related to all aspects of health – physical, psychological, social, and spiritual. There were analyzed the results of the study conducted on students as to their understanding of a healthy lifestyle. According to the results, the majority of the respondents do not have bad habits. However among those who have bad habits the percentage of boys is higher than that of girls. Most of the male students surveyed prefer to spend their free time at home, while the majority of the polled female students spend their free time outdoors socializing. Students do not pay enough attention to nutrition. Most of the students surveyed do not do morning exercises. There are some who are not involved in sports at all. Some believe that they would be engaged in sports if they started a new life only. Most of the students surveyed believe that a healthy lifestyle promotes success in other areas of human activities. It is concluded that the effectiveness of a healthy lifestyle depends on the integration and coordination between government and NGOs in promotion of healthy lifestyles, involvement of media in health promotion, implementation of informational and educational programs, workshops, focused on Life Skills, leading to the preservation, enhancement and restoration of health, cooperation between different professionals (social workers, social pedagogical workers, psychologists, teachers, doctors, etc.), and mandatory pursuit of the appropriate public policy. It was concluded that the influence on a healthy lifestyle of young people is carried out at four levels: individual, group, the level of a separate organization (institution, establishment), the level of society (community).
Key words: healthy lifestyle, student youth, health aspects, sports, daily time-table, nutrition, vitamins, training, life skills.
UDC 159.9: 159.94
The article presents the results of experiments to investigate ascertaining factors providing constructive coping behavior of police officers in professional activities. It was determined that the selection of constructive coping behavior in the professional activities of police officers can influence the following factors: the level of empathy and internalities, formation of coping strategies, motivation to achieve success and avoid failure, the level of affiliation and style of self-coping behavior. According to the factors of empathy and partial position of internalities-externalities of a personality the level of the personality component development was defined. The analysis of the total assessment of the empathy level showed low level of empathy development and a significant indicator of the need for its development. There have been determined that the majority of respondents inclined to attribute great importance to external circumstances. This indicates a lack of personal component development and the availability of a reserve for the progress of these indicators. The motivational and operational component of coping behavior of police officers has been analysed. The level of development was determined to be characterized by the following parameters: choice of the coping strategies, the level of motivation to achieve and avoid failures and the degree of affiliation. According to present research, at the same time some participants may choose different levels of progress of regulatory units; significant number chooses wide arsenal of coping strategies. Most respondents showed an average value of parameters to succeed. It is established that much of the police officers have a high level of intelligent motive based on «fear of neglect group», which may result to difficulties in choosing constructive coping strategies and models of coping actions. There have been revealed the presence of a specific reserve to enhance the constructiveness of a coping behaviour in the participants’ professional activity by all psychological characteristics being defined in our study.
Key words: constructive coping behavior, patterns of coping behavior, affiliation, empathy, internality, externality, self-regulation.
The article deals with the analysis of the phenomenon of a personality’s gender identity as an important factor of «Me»-conception formation among youth, self-realization, awareness of their own value and socialization in modern world. The special attention is concentrated on the importance of understanding of personal type of gender identity in youth age, as far as it is a period of the formation of person’s world-outlook consciousness, temper and self-determination, it helps to understand person’s gender identity. Before this period student’s youth doesn’t often have the understanding of gender identity. It is determined, that the principal aim of realizing gender identity is a personality’s self-realization, the perception of every person as individuality, and using the advantages of certain gender identity type to establish close productive social connections. The results of the studies concerning the level of self-appraisal and students’ feelings of loneliness of different types of gender identity are presented in this article. We distinguished the basic determinants of psychological well-being of personality. The correctional program of gender identity components’ development among the student youth as a fundamental factor of their psychological well-being is presented in the paper. We revealed the tasks of the program and grounded theoretical and methodological basis. Psychological technologies and methods of the work are characterized. In the article the main directions of the program are outlined. They are: 1) students’ realization of a personal type of gender identity; 2) the development of the perception of androgynous type of gender identity as the most favourable for psychological well-being; 3) the rising of the level of self-appraisal among all types of gender identity; 4) the decrease of subjective feeling of loneliness among all types of gender identity.
Key words: type of gender identity, loneliness, self-appraisal, masculine type, feminine type, androgynous type, psychological well-being, youth age.
UDC 159.9.015: 159.9.019.2
In the article theoretical positions of the professional orientation are considered as a component of a personality’s professional consciousness, the professional setting is provided as probability of transition of activity of professional consciousness – internal activity, in professional activity, namely – external activity, behavior of the personality. The contribution of the Wurzburg and Georgian schools of psychology to the science was analyzed. It is worth noting that their ideas formed the core of today’s vision of professional consciousness. It was proved that perception may be determined by unperceivable psychic formations. The legacy of D.M. Uznadze’s school of psychology allows for their extrapolation to the sphere of professional consciousness. It was ascertained that orientation on the basis of which purposeful activity occurs serves as a goal of conduct. Therefore, professional orientation represents a probability of transition of active professional consciousness as an inner activity to professional activity, conduct and activity of personality. It was emphasized that professional orientations belong to the group of deontic orientations, thus bordering the sphere of moral consciousness. It was proved that professional orientation as a component of professional consciousness studied in this work allows to verify the prediction: regarding performance of professional consciousness’s regulatory function using professional orientations; that professional orientation represents a kind of mechanism of turning professional requirements into reality and inner activity of professional’s personality into externally-expressed activity; and that personality’s professional orientation determines semantic components of professional culture, and therefore, provides an opportunity to touch upon the unstudied aspects of the unconscientiously.
Key words: professional orientation, professional consciousness, structural components of professional consciousness, social orientation, internal activity.
The article presents the comparative analysis of approbation results of the comprehensive psychological program on self-determination regulation of future trade business experts. In reference to the development of professional self-determination in a commercial and entrepreneurial business, in direct regulation psychological conditions of the development of future specialists’ self-determination were not studied that caused the relevance of research and necessity of development and approbation of the psychological program. So, the practical importance and an insufficient readiness of the problem on the professional self-determination development of future experts in trade business by psychological means caused a choice of scientific research. On the results of the comparative analysis of both experimental and control groups of graduates and first-year students we got the general regularities that in the second inspection of graduates and first-year students essential positive changes in comparison with background and control data have been recorded. It is found out that these positive changes happen due to essential decrease in low level of an emotional and strong-willed component that testifies to efficiency of application of the comprehensive psychological program of regulation of an emotional and strong-willed component of future experts’ self-determination in trade business. At the same time, the conclusion is drawn on features of results of the comparative analysis of control groups which shows that for graduates the indicator of high level of an emotional and strong-willed component significantly exceeds similar data of first-year students, and its low level is almost twice lower for the first-year students in the first and second inspections. But existence of low level in the third part of the first-year students and the sixth part of graduates testifies about self-determination difficulties respectively in the first-year students and graduates, is the indication to application of the psychological program of self-determination development in the course of professional education.
Key words: approbation, psychological program, development, selfdetermination, first-year students, graduates, trade business.
O.B. Yehorova, H.S. Kyzym, N.I. Ilinska
The basic approaches and definitions of deviant conduct, existing in modern science are examined. The analysis of conceptions and directions of psychological researches of this phenomenon is conducted. It is established that most information in literature is devoted to analysis of manifestation of deviations in children and teenagers. Very little researches are noted to be devoted to the study of problem of deviant conduct of youths with expressed functional asymmetry of brain. Psychological diagnostic study of students of psychological faculties has been conducted. It has been established that the group of respondents with logic thought («thought» type) prevails among students; minimal part of examinees has leading right hemisphere («artistic» type); the third part of massive of students has signs of logic and artist thought and constructs the group of «middle» type. Features of neurotic reactions, aggressive tendencies and negative emotions at future psychologists have been studied. It is revealed that the higher right hemisphere asymmetry is the higher the level of emotional instability and social non-adaptiveness of youths is. It is established that as the students with a leading left hemisphere can break their aggression, their aggressive tendencies during intercourse are extremely rare. It is displayed that the representatives of «middle» type are most hostile, aggressive in communication, inclined to spontaneity of aggression and to provocation of aggression at surround people, meet with difficulties in intercourse. A conclusion has been done about a necessity to take into account the indexes of young people deviation for organization of social and psychological service in the higher educational establishment. The perspective ways of further research are presented.
Key words: deviant conduct, norm, expressed functional asymmetry of brain, psychological theories, personality, student of psychology.
The article envisages personal characteristics and styles of response to situations of frustration of persons in youthful age who suffer from psychosomatic disorders or at high risk of their development, as well as those from the comparison group. The frustration is considered as one of the behavior models generated by aggression. There are presented the results of stu dies of psychosomatic manifestations of aggression in adolescence by data of Rosenzweig Frustration Test. The somatization mechanisms are described depending on the level of frustration tolerance, focusing on such systems as bronchopulmonary and gastrointestinal. There have been outlined the differences in the characteristics of aggression in adolescents with psychosomatic disorders and those from comparison groups, affecting their capacity for social adaptation and formation of behavioral strategies. The features of the reactions direction are determined by data of Rosenzweig Frustration Test. It is found mainly extragressive direction of response to situations of frustration with «fixation on self-defense» of the respondents, who suffer from bronchopulmonary disease, and mainly extragressive direction of response to situations of frustration with «fixation on the obstacle» of the respondents, who suffer from gastrointestinal disease systems. In comparison with the indicators of frustration tolerance of people with psychosomatic disorders and people of the comparison group it is ascertained significant differences between characteristics of reactions direction and coefficient of group adaptation. The frustration tolerance characteristics are proved to correspond to the attributes of subjectively oriented behaviors in difficult situations. The persons in adolescence with psychosomatic disorders, with a low frustration tolerance and a high probability of open aggression are proved not to respond to aggressive impulses through adequate emotional and behavioral responses.
Key words: psychosomatic disorders, frustration tolerance, Rosenzweig Frustration Test.
The paper analyzes the current state of research problem of social influence on the formation of body image in adolescence on the material of foreign studies. There have been distinguished the composition and role of agents of socialization in the formation of body image among girls and young women, as well as their importance in the formation of eating disorders as a reflection of interna lized model of “slim” body. Present analysis in this article of the existing international studies showed that the dominant sociocultural ideal of “slim” body in Western society, which is transmitted through socialization agents (media, family, peers), becoming one of the risk factors for eating disorders among young people. As the most perspective methodology for the appraisal of features of social influence on the representation of the body has been chosen for the adaptation, standardization and testing questionnaire «Assessment of social influence on aesthetic model of the body» («Cuestionario de Influencias sobre el Modelo Estetico Corporal» – «CIMEC») J. Toro, M. Salamero, E. Martinez. This questionnaire took place in a number of researches of different countries and showed good psychometric properties, a high level of reliability, validity, or sensitivity of a group of patients with anorexia and the risk of developing eating disorders. In the course of the research there have been received an adapted version of the questionnaire, corresponding to psychometric standards. When working with the methods there have been realized the standardization, consistency check and test-retest reliability, the meaningful construct, discriminative validity. The results of these procedures allow us to conclude that the Russian-language version of the method is valid, reliable; it can be used for research and practice in psychology.
Key words: socialization, social influence, agents of socialization, the social model of the body.
Homelessness is one of the many worrying social phenomena that are a significant problem for prevention and assistance activities. There is also homelessness among children who run away from their pathological environments in which they were raised and they are trying to be safety outside – on the street, railway stations, basements. Let us consider the fact that in the current at times, despite the great progress of civilization, the universality of education, fairly well organized social assistance – is seen huge differentiation of society. There are people rich and poor, others who live in luxury and others who suffer from scarcity, they are helpless in life and do not see prospects on life. Some children have parents anxious about their best education, health and a happy future, and the other are worried about how to survive, how to cope in life, because their parents neglect their responsibilities, or abandon children. The essence of prevention activities this phenomenon is primarily education, which not only raises social awareness of avoidance of situations conducive to risk of homelessness, but most of all is to equip society in the knowledge and skills that will enable self-reliance in the labor market, competent and self-solve their life problems. Upbringing, education, acquiring knowledge, training, strengthen the professional capacity or competence in interpersonal communication is undoubtedly a pillar in the difficult fight against serious problem of homelessness. High public awareness and knowledge are conducive to avoiding those factors which determine to be a homeless person. In turn, high awareness also helps in the common struggle in reducing and eliminating this phenomenon. Since the higher public awareness of poverty and its consequences, unemployment and its consequences – the more we hope that society will try to avoid situations that give rise to homelessness and support those, who are struggling with this problem.
Key words: education, upbringing, homelessness, street children, social orphanhood, prophylaxis.
The current state of the problem of teaching a foreign language to students of higher technical educational institutions is analyzed in the paper. The specificity of the subject provides a peculiarity of the training process. It is determined that the main features of the specificity of learning a foreign language are the lack of clear boundaries and parameters of mastering it; language provides knowledge about the symbols of the world around and rules for using these symbols; complexity of the transition from one language into another. It is analyzed, thinking and communication in a foreign language is a complex construction of the entire structure forming thoughts and structure of communication which have been developed in the native language. Knowledge as well as formation and training of certain skills of listening and speaking are of great importance for mastering a foreign language. The article stresses that the process of learning a foreign language can be represented as the one that is composed of two parts: the process of understanding (of oral and written text) and the process of generating expression (of oral and written text). Considering the process of understanding, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the mental activity performs cognitive and communicative functions. The concepts of various researchers concerning understanding and reproducing of information in a foreign language are considered.
Key words: development, personality, thinking, understanding, psychological concepts, mental activity, cognitive communicative functions, studies.
UDC 376.1 – 058.862
O.V. Kohan, I.L. Rudzevych
The article explains the issues of healthy way of life formation in students with mental retardation in the process of teaching and remedial work. It is mentioned that the system of a healthy way of life in mentally retarded students as part of the educational process must take primary responsibility to obtain the necessary knowledge about health and healthy way of life, as well as the improvement of the general level of emotional and motivational component of a healthy way of life, the formation of persistent positive motivation to conduct a healthy way of life. The main tasks of our study are noted to be the development and approbation of a pedagogical support of the formation of a healthy way of life of pupils of grades 7-9 at a special school. We took into account the existing educational problems and contradictions of the modern process of raising a healthy way of life with senior pupils at a special school, their needs. In the process of testing a comprehensive, systematic impact on knowledge, attitudes and behavior of pupils both during the training process and in extracurricular activities have been carried out. It is showed that an important role in solving these tasks is played by educational and correctional process, as knowledge about health and healthy way of life, mastering the necessary skills and abilities are conditions for the formation of persistent views and beliefs, which are the driving forces in the action. It is concluded that during the preparation and development of the necessary knowledge and skills the concept of norms of a healthy way of life is formed, the persistent positive motivation for conducting a healthy way of life, an awareness of their own role in maintaining their own health are produced.
Key words: psychological and pedagogical support, healthy way of life, educational and remedial process, pupils with intellectual disabilities.
UDC 159. 964. 26
V.I. Kolesnykova, V.V. Kruhlova
From the perspective of Jungian psychology, the feeling function is different from the feelings and emotions felt by a man. It can estimate thoughts, objects, causing sensations, and any mental content and also requires a gradual approach to it through the development of interior functions. Feelings could be different: pleasant and unpleasant, constructive and destructive, openly expressed and contained. Feelings are treated as individual traits. Studying the expression of feeling function, it can be concluded that they are general in nature. The results of the research of the peculiarities of the sensual function in the paradigm of analytic psychology by C.G. Jung are presented. There are 68 probationers aged 20-55 in the research. The regularities between the gender and the psychological types of the personality were found out. The development of the sensual function is considered from position of the development of intuitive and sensory functions from the point of view of Jungian typology. Some typological features of the personality that have the significant influence on the formation of ego consciousness and unconsciousness components were detected. It can lead to one-sided line of conduct, which inevitably leads to an imbalance of the individual. Introverted setting is more found among the men of intellective type in that time women of sensual type have it in submission. Just found a significant association between the master and inferior functions in the majority of married couples among the subjects that are compensatory in nature. The importance of the diagnosis of functional and psychological personality type initially analytically oriented counseling, so the findings of the diagnostic data along with the results of the primary conversations allow the psychologist-consultant to get the most appropriate and complete understanding of a client’s problems and possible options to solve them.
Key words: psychological types of personality, Analytic psychology by C.G. Jung, Anima, Animus, intellective type, sensual type, extroverted setting, introverted setting.
This article is devoted to the problem of emotional intelligence measurement. The focus is made on the existence of two groups of approaches to emotional intelligence understanding. Within the mixed models and trait models emotional intelligence emerges as a complex construct, including both cognitive abilities and personality traits. The representatives of ability models interpret emotional intelligence as cognitive capability. According to the mentioned approaches two groups of emotional intelligence measurement were identified: achievement tests and questionnaires. Questionnaires are generally used by scientists who interpret emotional intelligence as a personality trait; achievement tests are popular among researchers who understand the emotional intelligence as cognitive ability of the personality. The analysis of the applying peculiarities of mentioned measurements is made. The results of carried investigation of emotional intelligence and its components level are highlighted. Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence test (MSCEIT) and D. Ljusin questionnaire «Emotional Intelligence» are used. The results indicate that participants feel lack of ability to identify emotions (both their own and of other people) and to use the knowledge about emotions to increase their personal effectiveness. A data correlation analysis result is presented. The convergent validity of the used measurements is proved by the Toronto Alexithymia Scale. The assumption that both achievement tests and questionnaires for emotional intelligence level determination measure the same construct is proved. The advisability of measuring emotional intelligence using different methodological approaches is substantiated.
Key words: alexithymia, diagnostics, emotional intelligence, convergent validity, correlation analysis, emotional intelligence model, questionnaires, achievement tests.
O.S . Kochubei
The article considers the problem of distinguishing the structural components of the translation competence of the philologist students. Particular attention is paid to the psychological analysis of the structural components that is an important precondition in the process of training the future professionals. The article contains the summary of the main trends in the psychological structure of translation competence of the philologist students and examines the structure of «translation work» in terms of various psychological approaches. The article examines the components of translation competence and the place of translation competence among other competencies. The analysis of the concept is made with the consideration of the points of view of various native and foreign scholars. The number of requirements to be met by competent expert translation is recalculated. The general principles of translation learning, the formation of translation competence in a foreign language of the professionals are presented. Different problems of the native and foreign psychological and educational research in the field of training of competent professionals are solved. The general characteristics of the structural components of translation competence of the philologist students are presented in the article, the basic characteristics of the modern professional are shown in which the demands to the philologist students are displayed. This article envisages the psychological characteristics that define in a different way the translation competence of the philologist students. The conclusion about the insufficient investigation of the psychological components structure and the expediency of further research and deeper singling out of the structural components of translation competence is made. The material is presented in the mainstream with the model that treats transation as a means of interlingual communication, the specificity of which defines a set of knowledge and skills that an expert receives in the process of training.
Key words: translation, the Theory of Translation, linguistic personality, communicative activitiy, competence, worldview, means of communication, semantic perception, professional activitiy.
The theoretical and empiric analysis of aspects of problem of psychological peculiarities of emotional mobility and emotional stability of personality is presented in the article. The analysis of concepts of emotional mobility and emotional stability of personality is carried out. It is investigated that personality of youth age with emotional mobility is more inclined to depression, irritation, shyness, feminine gender, nervousness and less inclined to steady. The features of connection of emotional mobility are found out with selfactualization of personality of youth age. It is investigated that personality of youth age with emotional mobility is more inclined to the use of such mechanisms of psychological defense as: reactive formations, projection, negation, substitution. It is noticed that emotional stability must be examined as a mental condition and as integrate property of personality. The emotional instability is bound to emotional excitability and frequent change of emotional state. It is investigated that personality of youth age with emotional stability is less inclined to nervousness, emotional mobility, depression, shyness, reactive aggressiveness, impulsive aggressiveness, and more inclined to steady. It is investigated that personality of youth age with emotional stability less inclined to the use of such mechanisms of psychological defense as: substitution, regression, projection, rationalization, expulsing. The features of connection of emotional stability are found out with self-actualization of personality of youth age. The features of connection of emotional mobility and emotional stability are found out with the types of interpersonal relations of personality of youth age. It is noticed that personality of youth age with emotional mobility and emotional instability is less inclined to hardiness that is a key personality variable which determines influence of stress factors.
Key words: emotional mobility, emotional stability, steady, stress situations, self-control, hardiness.
The article from the standpoint of modern theoretical and applied scientifical researches highlights the problem of the formation of personality self-respect and its impact on the development of selfawareness. The analysis of consciousness as a specific phenomenon of the human psychics is given. It reveals the psychological and pedagogical understanding of the structure and conditions of formation of personality consciousness. The article deals with the concept of self-realization in the plane of life and ideology of moral rights, the establishment of the modern personality. The author proves interdependence of personality self-respect with concepts such as «dignity», «honor», «identity», «competence», «becoming a person», «personal self-identification», «personality skills». The analysis of interrelated cognitive, affective and behavioral patterns substructures of personality self-consciousness structure is conducted. The features of the formation of «Me-concept» and «Image-Me» as a specific manifestation of consciousness is analyzed. Numerous characteristics of self-respect as the most important moral quality and integrality of human reality, and as the highest value are systematized. The place and importance of the problem of the formation of self-respect in the area of jurisprudence (the study on the protection of honor and dignity), in the practice of crisis psychological services and counseling (psychological assistance to victims of violence and problems of moral damages), in area of education (psycho-pedagogical technologies of dignity forming in school) are found out. The analysis of self-consciousness as a specific phenomenon of the human psychics is given. The analysis of self-identity as a specific phenomenon of the human psychics is given. The major regularities of personality self-consciousness alterations with increasing level of dignity, the acquisition of personal culture are defined.
Key words: self-respect, honor, dignity, self-identity, personality, «Image-Me», «self-concept», values, ideal, morality.
From the standpoint of the social situation of the individual early adolescence development and specificity of vocational studies the problem of professional self-determination of modern senior pupils is highlighted in the article. It is emphasized that professional self-determination in early adolescence is both process and result of general professional development of senior pupil as the subject of future professional activities. It is noted that in senior pupils there is the refinement of future socio-professional status within a particular educational profile of the sphere of professional activity, emerging professional claims and self-identity in a particular curriculum and programs of the professional training of vocational activities. The correlation between specialized education and psychological readiness for professional self-determination is proved by creating favorable conditions to account individual characteristics, interests and needs of students and the formation of their preferences for choosing a professional future. It is established that the result of this senior pupils’ activity serves as readiness for professional self-determination and the early formation of necessary for their chosen occupation professionally important qualities. There have been revealed the content of the proposed concept of «a triangle of a senior pupil’s professional self-determination» which is represented by self-appraisal, level of claims and senior pupil’s readiness to the professional self-determination and characterized by their relation, interaction and determination. It was found out that the specific professionally-oriented activities of students of contemporary higher school is based on adequate self-esteem of the past and present, and a realistic notion of their own professional future is focused within adequately informed and realistic claims.
Key words: senior pupils, professional self-determination, professional activities, vocational training, educational profile, careers content, professional claims, self-appraisal.
А.І. Kurytsia, D.І. Kurytsia
The article considers psychological and pedagogical conditions, which are necessary for the effective development of students’ leadership qualities. Leadership development program provides students creating a proper developmental environment (special psychological and pedagogical influence, group interaction during the training, organization of socially meaningful activities students) and set of tools, which are aimed at developing self-motivation and self-identity, self-responsibility as an integral personality traits in relation to system-serving leadership qualities. The development of leadership qualities of students should act as part of a studying-edu- cational process of university and base on specific conditions to ensure its effectiveness. Basis for the development of leadership qualities of students’ development of responsibility serves as an integrated personality, which has a complex structure and is manifested at different levels. The application of principles of consistency, development, active, studentcentered, axiological, subject-acting’s approaches as the methodological foundations of leadership development programs of a student on base of responsibility are grounded. In terms of training and gaming technology creates favorable conditions for the development of leadership skills of personality for study of practice patterns and mechanisms of social influence to learn leadership skills.
Key words: leadership qualities, psychological and pedagogical conditions, program of leadership development of students, development of responsibility, responsibility as integrated quality of personality, training technologies.
The article presents the results of research in emotionally volitional and motivational characteristics of bank experts. A brief description of each of the studied areas is given. Emotionally volitional sphere is defined as the sphere of the psyche, which is associated with the experience of man’s relation to reality, to the people with whom he communicates, his activities, requiring expression of some effort. Motivational sphere is defined as a set of motives that are formed and developed during the life. There have been studied 100 employees of the banking sector on the basis of 4 methods: 2 methods to explore the emotionally volitional sphere and 2 ones to study the motivational sphere. It is concluded that the characteristics of the emotionally volitional sphere of bank specialists were: the tendency to internal model of behavior, the high level of success in life, self-confidence, determination, independence, balance, kindness, contact, morality, attempts to follow the rules established in a particular society, trust, willpower, a lot of attention, the low figures for internal reasons of social frustration, high rates of external causes of social frustration. It is analyzed that the characteristics of the motivational sphere of bank experts are: the most important is the motivation of self-affirmation in the work, which is very positive for the banking sector in general, because the person is seeking to assert by efficiently and conscientiously doing his job; it is typical the focus on individual activities (work), meaning help to the individual team members to express their views; support groups to reach the goal; take leadership when it comes to the choice task; easily and available present their thoughts and opinions.
Key words: specialist, banking sphere, empirical research results, methods, emotionally volitional sphere, motivational sphere, person, activity.
This paper presents a set of the psychodiagnostics techniques that explore the indicators of mental well-being (such as cognitive, social and emotional) and the motor activity as the main indicators of physical well-being of older preschooler. Using the methods of the correlation analysis, it was found that the interrelation exists between motor activity and mental well-being of the child. It was determined that both physical activity and physical condition are closely interrelated with the social indicators of mental well-being. It was proved that the performance of physical well-being (physical condition, the level of motor activity and anthropometric data) has an impact on the cognitive and emotional spheres of the personality of preschool children. With the help of the methods of correlation, it was found that the components of mental well-being are interrelated. The closest interrelation was recorded between the cognitive and the emotional indicators of mental well-being; the weakest interrelation was noted in the dyad «cognitive – social components of mental well-being». The biased evaluation by parents and educators of the expression of mental well-being of children and their level of physical activity was investigated. It is concluded that an improvement of the motor mode and its interrelation with the mental well-being of pre-school children in the educational system requires meaningful stimulus that would become the connecting bonds between all the services (doctors, teachers, parents) that are relevant to this issue. Psychologists and instructors of physical education in pre-school were identified as the most suitable candidates because their creative cooperation can help to eliminate the drawbacks of the problem in question.
Key words: motor activity; locomotor activity; well-being; mental well-being; cognitive, social and emotional indicators of mental well-being; older preschooler; physical condition; anthropometric data; correlation analysis.
The author states that due to the fact that causality of mental disorders is complex, the necessary moment is to solve the problem of differentiated understanding of specific reasons. The author argues that psychological research should be focused on the understanding of multicausality, namely what psychological factors are in the same plane and which ones are located in different planes. It is confirmed that the scientific study of factors that are in somatic, mental, social and environmental dimensions contributes to the understanding of mental disorders peculiarities. It is especially important to study the question of how individual planes are correlated with each other, how factors correlate. It was concluded that one of the issues is determining the characteristics of social and psychological factors functioning in combination with other factors of influence. It should take into consideration that social and psychological factors influence the mental and somatic disorder or disease in a variety of planes. It was concluded that in predicting somatic and mental disorders it’s necessary to take into account their individual psychological, personality factors. Internal and external resources play a stimulatory or inhibitory role in overcoming difficulties. The essence of the issue of causality of the variety of body disease states is to study the peculiarities of complex interactions of pathogenic and protective internal and external factors.
Key words: causality, psychological determinants of mental disorders, affection condition of the body, prediction of somatic and mental disorders, peculiarities of complex interactions of pathogenic and protective internal and external factors.
In the introduction part of the article the author presents definitions and concepts of values (mainly Polish authors, e.g. Stanisław Ossowski, Jan Szczepański and Florian Znaniecki) focusing on sociological conceptions and determinations. The second part contains a brief report of the research that is based on the results of researches conducted by the author in 2010. The report includes only those fragments that in author’s opinion are important in forming students’ attitudes. On the basis of constructed value list the examiner tries to answer the question about the main students values and their place in the hierarchy of individual values. According to the accepted principle of selection 483 full-time students from Rzeszów University participated in the research. Among the participants of the research the female respondents prevailed (according to the proportion of the whole University). Values list contained 10 items complemented by a category «others». Among the presented values were the following: love, family happiness, aspiration to be necessary and useful, desire to gain people’s confidence and friends, work, education and aspiration to get knowledge, religion and faith, money, welfare, quiet and peaceful life without any surprises, and also memory about the past. On a growing scale from 1 to 5 respondents have to estimate the importance of each separate value, and then choose the three considered most important. The results of the research show that the most important students’ values are: love and family happiness, sense of being needed and useful and desire to gain people’s confidence and friend. While the least important are material values and those, that are related to self-realization and memory of the past. One of the characteristic features was that the male respondents almost twice more often, than female respondents chose memory about the past as priority value.
Key words: values, students, hierarchy, sociological research, estimation of vital values.
In the article the approaches to the personality’s sensitivity development are studied on the basis of the analysis of psychological and pedagogical sources. The sensitivity is determined to be moral and psychological quality of a personality, which characterizes person’s relationship to others as detecting in empathy (the human ability to feel directly the psychological state of another person and adequately respond, trying to facilitate or divide it through expression of sympathy and empathy), goodwill (a person’s ability to express kindness, affection), tactfulness, politeness (ability to treat others carefully, without hurting, without demeaning their dignity, to show kindness, courtesy, comply with the rules of social behavior) and care, practical assistance (paying attention to the needs of others, manifestations of care about them) which includes such components as cognitive, emotional and behavioral, and integrates a variety of approaches to identify structural components of sensitiveness. The key factors of the development of sensitivity as professionally important quality of future teacher in the process of professional training is established to be the formation of human values, emotional intelligence, empathy, acceptance of others, good will, pedagogical tact. It is concluded that an effective means of the development of future teacher’s sensitiveness is a social and psychological training, which is aimed at forming an integral system of knowledge about the sensitiveness; promotion the understanding of personal features of sensitivity expressions; expansion of the system of the humanistic values, developing emotional intelligence, pedagogical abilities, empathy, kindness and tolerance. The study does not cover all the aspects of the problem of future teacher’s sensitiveness development. The issues concerning gender differences of future teachers’ sensitiveness, the correlation between sensitiveness and other personal characteristics require the further study.
Key words: sensitiveness, future teacher, factors of sensitiveness development, humanistic values, empathy, acceptance of others, goodwill, pedagogical tact, love for the children, social and psychological training.
UDC 316. 454.52: 316.6.
The article presents a theoretical review of traditional and modern research of the phenomenon of dialogue. It discusses a historical retrospective of philosophical and psychological analysis as a fundamental basis for understanding of the dialogue in modern psychology. It shows the idea of the dialogue content in contemporary domestic psychology. Various interpretations of the dialogue between representatives of traditional philosophical thought and national contemporary psychology are described. The basic research of dialogue in domestic and foreign psychological theories is analyzed. Interest of researchers in the issue of dialogue in related fields is studied. The essence of the dialogue concept in the context of traditional and modern ideas about this phenomenon is revealed. A dialogue definition is represented as a functional language variety, realized in the process of the face-to-face communication among the collocutors and includes special stimulating and respondent remarks. It has been determined that a dialogue in psychology is perceived as an intrasubjective process, where qualitatively different intellectual and integral positions are interacting to define them, under which the necessity to take one’s position does not stipulate forsaking own beliefs and principles. It has been acknowledged that a dialogue is a complicated psychological phenomenon, actual in a number of areas of reality, in the major of the scientific sources it is perceived as a form, method, and means for actualizing social contacts, implemented by a personality in a subjectsubject interaction and is determined by a «human – social world» interaction system. It has been established that a mode of existence of human in a real world is a dialogue in a variety of unique interactions and interrelations. It has been specified that a dialogue problem regardless of a longlasting history of studying and analysis carried out, does not cover all the aspects of the research, remains open and requires further disclosure in the context of the present-day reality dynamic changes.
Key words: dialogue, dialogism, dialogical relationship, external dialogue, internal dialogue, dialogical reality, personality dialogueness, dialogic interaction.
The author has done the theoretical analysis of the impact of social networking on the development of teenager’s personality. The creation of virtual social and cultural space-time is noted to be interconnected with the problems of social and cultural integration of younger generation by means of social networks. The social and cultural integration in social networks is analyzed to provide for broadening the personality being at time, multilevel identification with virtual social group, society, and culture. The socialization is noted to be provided by means of «inclusion» of a young man in common to all life (social, value) Internet-space of learning about the world, because in this way he chooses from the social and cultural context the ideas, values, forms of life that meet individual needs. It is found that in the process of self-consciousness becoming the young man realizes and forms his identity, finds himself in the process of interpersonal communication where the own identity in cyberspace of social networking rotates as reflected in the «mirror» of other minds by the image of «Me». It is concluded that social and integration resources and leisure resources of self-realization in the most concentrated form are realized in the collective form of virtual cultural and leisure activities of young people – that is the intercourse in social networks. It is proved that the basic form of personality’s participation in the field of leisure – a virtual community is becoming the condition of integration of a young personality and at the same time a means of inculturation and self-realization because of cultural content of joint activities, personal motivation and maximum consideration of individuality.
Key words: virtual social and cultural space, personality, social networks, information model of the world, personality integration, virtual consciousness, social group, personal motivation.
In the article on the basis of the theoretical and methodological analysis of the problem of the image of «Me-professional» as a component of personality «Me-concept» there has been grounded the professional self-appraisal as a mechanism of professional formation of a personality of future socionomic specialists. Based on the findings of contemporary scientists it is noted that professional selfappraisal is a central component of professional self-consciousness of a personality that is associated with a valuable attitude to personal «Me», to professional qualities and results of future socionomic specialists’ professional activities. It is proved that the professional self-appraisal is formed under the influence of the professional activities, results, achieved in these activities, individual traits of the personality, as well as the peculiarity of the quality being appraised. The main parameters of the professional selfappraisal are the degree of adequacy, criticalness and measure of stability of a personality. Taking into consideration the peculiarities of the formation of a positive image of «Me-professional», there are distinguished the following main stages of this process in the students-future specialists of socionomic professions: the formation of the future socionomic specialists’ ideal model of a «professional» with the help of the professional interpersonal relationships in the form of the transmission of the personal and professional experience of the teacher; focusing future socionomic specialists personalities’ attention on the comparison of their real and ideal images of «Meprofessional» using interpersonal relationships in the form of a dialogue between teacher and future professionals; stimulating personal growth and self-improvement of future specialists of socionomic professions to achieve an ideal image of «Me-professional».
Key words: professional self-appraisal, professional formation, personality, future specialists of socionomic professions, image of «Me-professional», «Me-concept» of the personality, professional self-consciousness, professional activities.
- V. Pidbutska
The features of creativity, its importance for successful professional development and achievement of personal professionalism are investigated in the article. The article gives valuable information on the need of creativity development, ability to approach creatively to the solution of professional tasks during the vocational training of the future engineers that is reflected in Industry standards (The educational and qualification characteristics) and is realized by many of them. The figurative and verbal creativity are investigated by means of a complex of psychodiagnostic techniques: technique «Circles» (Varteg); test of verbal creativity (S. Mednik); «Repeating Lines» test (P. Torrens); test of creativity (P. Torrens). 92 respondents from 20 to 23 years (M = 21,6 SD = 2,6) took part in the research, all of them are the students of various technical specialties (the mechanic, the mathematician, the programmer, etc.). It is revealed that future engineers have a figurative creativity, fluency and a readiness at the average level of development that characterize their ability to reproduce and realize ideas in short terms. The verbal originality is at a low level, and uniqueness is on an average one that testifies to unexpressed ability of the future engineers creatively to solve the problems which are connected with the use of their verbal potential. As a whole the students of technical specialties are characterized by unavailability in a situation of uncertainty with a time limit quickly to produce ideas. The results of the gender analysis testify to the men’s more developed figurative and verbal creativity. The women have the most expressed indicator of their creation ability, it means that they are capable to detailed development and improvements of already made ideas. By means of the factorial analysis there have been distinguished three factors which have the greatest loading: «Intellectual potential», «The general creativity», «Analytical creative potential». The established creativity structure of the future engineers develops the characteristic orientations of creative potential: intellectual, general and creative ones.
Key words: creativity, creative potential, a personality, a student, professionalism of the personality, personal and professional development, successful professionalizing.
The psychological analysis of the job description of operational and tactical level officers was conducted in the article. The article puts an emphasis on the determination of psychological profession portrait (job description, psychogram) of the operational and tactical level officer as a manager. A special feature of the job description forming for diagnostics and prediction of the management activity is an orientation at the determination, distinguishing first of all the steadiest, firmest psychological features that provide the implementation of the specific kind of a specialist’s activity in the defense sphere. These psychological features may be differentiated according to the level of education success and effectiveness of the activity. According to the job specification data, its psychological analysis, the job description is defined as a psychological description, which is an interpretive analysis of operational and technologic features of particular working activity. And finally, the job description is characterized by a set of professionally important psychological and psychophysiological features, which are implemented in a particular activity and ensure its implementation. Management activity is a complex social and psychological phenomenon with a distinct officer-commander’s will dominant. Officer, involved into the management activity, conducts all the time mental and willing operations of analysis, evaluation, prediction, choice, decision making, subordination and execution, order and control and etc. In military teams, such conditions create particular social and psychological microclimate that greatly influences consciousness, feelings, and life priorities of a person and creates a certain behavior style and person’s activity. Management activity is always collective. At the same time it provides cooperation with a military team both vertically and horizontally. It is also defined that a way of decision making, function distribution in solving military and professional tasks, forms of control, evaluation, distribution (attribution) of responsibility are the main parameters of management activity of operational and tactical level officers.
Key words: management activity, psychological analysis, job description, officer-manager.
UDC 376-056. 36 (075.8)
The article discusses the features of rehabilitation of physical exercises. It was found that oligophrenic children with some damage in the nervous system implements motor function in specific conditions. So these children need specially organized pedagogical influence on the development of physical qualities, psychomotor, psychological support, choice of psychological and pedagogical techniques of correction that should appear in the system of corrective tasks. It was analyzed that properly organized and implemented physical rehabilitation is a key factor in promoting healthy lifestyles, strengthen and restore the health of any person regardless of his age. We believe this statement is especially important for children who have impaired intellectual sphere. The development processes are finding ways to compensate for defects and influence of physical activity, which in content and intensity is corresponding to a given category of children is the tool that helps to find them. The results of studies of the relationship between mental and motor development indicate that physical rehabilitation can positively affect the mental development of children. It is concluded that the major problems of physical rehabilitation include: health promotion and hardening of the body, proper physical development and improvement of physical abilities, the formation of motor skills, the knowledge of the basics of personal hygiene, the formation of the major volitional and moral qualities.
Key words: psychomotor, mental development, physical rehabilitation, physical development, body, exercise, children with limited intellectual abilities.
In the article there have been stated that in the course of the official duties the subjects of extreme activities, especially police officers have to operate in the environment that greatly affect their health, life, standards of working capacity and quality of tasks. Due to the dynamism of circumstances that create difficulties in the professional activities, law enforcement officers are required fast, precise and unmistakable activities. We established that one of the main factors that assure action in dangerous situations is a high level of emotional stability. Therefore there is a need for a systematic approach to the formation of emotional stability of extreme professions workers, in particular employees of patrol officers, which in turn will allow them to exercise their psychomotor quality effectively. Theoretical and experimental studies show that the formation of emotional stability improves such important indicators of psychological readiness to perform professional duties of patrol officers in extreme conditions as adaptive abilities to stress and professional reliability. The application of the proposed training program for police officers improved their emotional stability, ability for information processing, precision movements in psychomotor activities, as well as speed, strength, endurance and agility.
Key words: psychomotor, patrol police, extreme conditions, emotional stability, ability of information processing, precision movements in psychomotor action, speed, strength, endurance, agility.
The article deals with problems on formation of pedagogical intercourse skills of the students-surdopedagogues within the educational process. Basing on the fact that this intercourse is generally formed and created during the university studies sign communication has been studied by the students within the training activities. Furthermore, the age particularities of the process of communication had been also considered. At the research we presumed that during junior age, especially during studies at the high level educational institution, the effectiveness of gaining professional skills is based on the communication. More precisely, the communication is considered as a structural component of the professional skills and as a promotional instrument of building personal creative approach in the educational process. The analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature proved that efficiency of learning information by children depended on the style of interpersonal relations between the teacher and pupils. The style is determined by means of particularities and conditions that ensure professional pedagogical activities and its specific depends on personal teacher’s skills and situation of communication. According to the data base of the research it was distinguished four types of study communication of the students-surdopedagogues on personal activity: life-building oriented communication, cultural oriented communication, study-execution oriented communication and professional oriented communication. It was found that during the secondary educational studies the personal communicational style plays an important role on the formation of professional surdopedagogic communication skills that was formed on the base of student’s personal experience and character of interpersonal relations.
Key words: pedagogical intercourse, communication skills, styles of pedagogical intercourse, instruments of communication, types of educational communication of the students-surdopedagogues.
The article presents the results of research of the personality’s emotional orientation psychological features. The concept of emotional orientation has been selected. On the basis of experimental research there have been revealed the inclinations of higher school students for one of the types of emotional orientation. The altruistic characteristic (characterizes the inclination to nervousness, connected with realization of needs to help others), communicative (characterizes the need in friendly communication), glorifying (the inclination to nervousness, connected with need in self-affirmation), practical (emotionally attractive is the activity), pugna (connected with the inclination to the emotional nervousness that appears during overcoming different difficulties), romantic (the inclination to mysterious, unusual), cognitive (aspiration to cognition), aesthetical (the aspiration for experience the sense of beauty), hedonistic (preference of need in bodily and spiritual comfort), acquisition (the emotional feelings connected with owning of things and their accumulation without sufficient demand for them) of the emotional orientation have been presented. It is established that with the help of the development of emotional orientation of the students’ personality the main components of the professional self-determination of the personality are formed. It favours the formation of the future specialist’s personality, the improvement of the professional characteristics. During the experimental study of emotional orientation the university students there have been founded that the most pronounced is the practical, gnostic and communicative orientation.
Key words: orientation, professional orientation, emotional orientation, valued experiencing, emotions, students, higher school.
The results of a theoretical analysis of the creative thinking problem as a process and individual mental peculiarity of a personality are presented in the article. The methods of creative thinking psychodiagnosis in Ukrainian and foreign psychology are described. The methodology of the approach to the creativity tests designing is presented. There have been given the original package of creative thinking test in the field of economics and business. The basic criteria of the appraisal of creative thinking development are described in detail. The results of empiric study of its main manifestations in future specialists in economics are presented. The most original semantic ideas in the problem development in the field of economics and business are enumerated. There have been revealed the psychological peculiarities of creative thinking development in the students-specialists in economics. The students with the high level of the creative thinking are proved to generate ideas easily, flexibly use informative material, offer relatively large amount of ideas to solve the problem. The description of the creative thinking levels development at students is presented depending on the indexes of cogitative fluency, originality of ideas, thinking flexibility. A high reliability of the presented diagnostic means is proved by means of the method of expert estimations. The level of the creative thinking development is established to depend on the presence of base knowledge in economics and individual manifestations of creative approach to solving tasks. It is established that the high level of creative thinking development is peculiar to only part of the students of economic profile. The persons with the high level of the creative thinking are revealed to have a large informative supply in economics and business, to be interested in world news in industry, take part in competitions and olympics, develop scientific and social projects, independently study foreign languages, support contacts with the students of different higher institutions.
Key words: creative thinking, creativity, cognitive sphere, youth age, cognitive fluency, originality of idea, adaptive flexibility, reliability, expert estimation, levels of the creative thinking development.
During the conducted research it has been revealed that the group of professional psychologists has higher rates of the general adaptation and its separate components («Cognitive activity», «The World Image«) in comparison with medical workers and managers. Specifics of the structural characteristics manifestation of the World Image and the «Me» Image in the professional groups was found, in particular, for professional psychologists in comparison with managers and medical workers the increase of the conviction indicators concerning the World goodwill and justice, personal happiness and the opportunities of the situations of life control, and also the indicators levels of the World acceptance and self-acceptance is characteristic. The distinctions in the structure of the axiological orientations of professional groups are revealed which are contained in that the professional psychologists unlike managers and medical workers prefer values as «Creativity», «Knowledge», «Vital wisdom», and values as «Richness» and «Social force» play for them significantly smaller role that can testify to the self-updating aspiration of the professional psychologists. It is shown that characteristics of the general adaptability, its components and their forming structural indicators, and also features of the valuable orientations structure for the fifth year students- psychologists are the approximate to the indicators of the professional psychologists, though they are inferior to them in the development levels. The following conclusion was made that in the course of the personality professional development there are formations of basic professional images which the World Image and «Me» Image are related to in the context of the carried-out professional activity. These images, playing certainly a positive role, approach the personality to the valuable and semantic realities of the professional life in the course of its professional identification, but at the same time they tend to counteraction concerning the structure changes – and thereby create certain barriers to the further self-development, generating a personal complex to the «training counteraction».
Key words: adaptation, valuable orientations, professional identity, basic professional images, «training counteraction».
The theoretical and methodological grounds of the model of future doctor’s personality formation are studied, the psychological features of personality formation are established, the essence of personality formation is revealed, major factors and psychological and pedagogical conditions, driving forces causing the psychology of personal formation of the student doctor in the course of vocational training are defined. Developing the model of psychology of future doctor’s personality formation we used the traductive model, applying the method of comparison (analogy) of phenomena similarity. We defined the structure of the future doctor’s personality, having taken into account those components which define the psychology of future doctor’s personality formation, and then the personal readiness for professional activity of the doctor. It is established that such backbone elements are: personality important qualities, professional important qualities, professional orientation and professional competence. We proved professionally important qualities and personality important qualities of students, which would be the basis of their personal formation as future doctors and define the professionalism. The professionalism is considered in two important aspects – activity and productive. We studied the psychology of future doctor’s personality formation at different stages, having used adequate psychological and pedagogical methods which allowed to find out the central new growths of professional formation from the point of view of three components: 1) cognitive component (the content of the process of psychology of personal formation); 2) connative component (actions and acts); 3) emotional component (the dominating personal manifestations connected with professional activity). Prospects of further research which consist in experimental confirmation of theoretical and methodological model of future doctor’s personal formation and creation of psychology and pedagogical conditions of its formation are allocated.
Key words: personality formation, modeling, traductive model, psychological and pedagogical conditions, profession of doctor.
The article envisages the concept of transgression as conscious acts, causing the forward actions, the desire to broaden the outlook, to create new material and symbolic values, to develop science, technology, art, and organizational activities. It is shown that transgressive personal development is versatile and determines transgressive creative and expansive human activities. The term «transgressive-Me» is revealed, which provides the self-development of self-consciousness and is carried out through self-assertion, self-actualization and self-efficacy. The first process in the development of self-consciousness is self-assertion. According to transgressive conception the self-assertion is the basis of hubristic motivation of the personality, which is understood as sustainable human desire to reinforce and improve self-appraisal and self-importance. The article emphasizes that the process of self-affirmation is of motivational nature, implemented through a system of representations of personal identity (self-consciousness) and direction (totality of leading needs, motives and values), aimed to achieve self-worth, status position, productive activities, as well as in personal «Me» opposition to other’s one. The second process and feature of self-development is self-efficiency as a sense of self-respect and self-esteem, as well as the real competence of the personality in life problems decision, the integrated ability to be competent. Personality reaches self-efficacy as a result of a positive affirmation. The final process of consciousness development and transgressive-Me formation is self-realization, which means the higher conscious and deliberate form of self-movement of the personality; desire and the result of selfimprovement; internal, subjective sense of activity of the personality; the driving force of the developed personality, which encourages and directs his activities.
Key words: transgressive-Me, transgression, hubristic motivation, self-actualization, self-assertion, self-efficacy, self-development, selfawareness.
The article envisages actuality of organizational identity phenomenon research, considering it as one of the key optimization factors of an «employee-organization» dyadic interaction. The author conducted an analysis of foreign and domestic research, which had initiated the study of organizational identity problem. The special attention was paid to the papers, containing attempts to describe the organizational identity peculiarities according to the modality criterion. The author defines the studied construct as a result of an individual’s cognitive emotional process, while which one he considers himself a representative of a certain organization. That is expressed both through extralingual factors and the language of the subject. This accounts the advisability and efficiency of applied psycholinguistic tools, intent-analysis in particular, used to explore the problem. The article describes issue and key characteristics of the diagnostic method. Based on the psycholinguistic empiric data, the author had worked out an intentions dictionary. It became the platform for modal segmentation of organizational identity types – positive, ambivalent and negative. Each type’s issue and content has been described. The article contains examples of the employee’s discourses (positive, negative and ambivalent intentional directions) as regards the topic «My organization and me» and their study samples with a help of intent analysis method. The author shows her results of empiric research of the employee’s modal characteristics display depending on their tenure. It was figured out that while the first time diapasons of professional activity in frames of an organization, the organizational identity of most employees is characterized by modal ambivalence. That foresees the combination both positive and negative organizational intentions. As the tenure grew, the organizational identity of most people from the studied target audience was characterized by positive or negative attitude exclusively. The author defined the prospects of further research in frames of the topic.
Key words: organizational identity, intention, intent analysis, positive, negative, ambivalent modality, offer, semantic unit.
- B. Khomulenko, T.I. Dotsevych
In the article the metamemory is stated to be a component of metacognitive competence and personality plays a key role in the implementation of the professional activity of the teacher as well as the pedagogical reflexivity does. It is mentioned that the ability to plan the process of remembering is related to the pedagogical reflectivity of teachers. The manifestation of reflexivity in the professional sphere is established to condition the ability to plan the process of remembering verbal material. It is concluded that pedagogical reflexivity as the ability to relate consciously to the creative component of the personal pedagogical activities, and realize the consequences of their educational solutions, to help students, to organize their own mental activity peculiar to teachers who are able to plan mnemonic processes. There have been established that reflective memory functions, which are considered as a combination of the research function (fixation and reconstruction of complications), a critical function (finding the causes of complications) and regulatory functions (restructuring of the previous rules of action, which led to a complication) provide for a high level of performance of pedagogical reflexivity teacher’s personality. It is concluded that the ability to memorize and reproduce arbitrary factual, theoretical and reflexive verbal material is linked with pedagogical reflexivity of teacher’s personality, in particular with cognitive component of pedagogical reflexivity. It is showed that the ability to involuntary memorization is linked with 6the pedagogical reflexivity. The process of voluntary memory serves the highest form of development of metamemory and performed unconsciously, while pedagogical reflectivity is associated with the process of voluntary attention and thinking of the teacher’s personality.
Key words: metamemory, pedagogical reflectivity, metacognitive competence of the higher school teacher, the ability to voluntary and involuntary memorization, reflective memory function.
This article is devoted to consideration and proving of main principles and ways of psychological correction of dysfunctional conceptions about sexual relationship of women with histrionic personal disorder. The article shows the key research results about women’s conception about sexual relationship. There were identified types of those conceptions. They are sadomasochistic, liberatedobeying, partner oriented and pathetical-romantic. It was proved that sadomasochistic is dysfunctional. There were identified structural features of conceptions about sexual relationship in this group of women. Such features are absence of differentiation, ambivalence, being in the center of elements which were driven by negative emotions, less (comparing to other groups of women) romantic in conceptions. There were described particularities of interpersonal relationship and psychological factors which influence on forming distinct conceptions for women with histrionic personal disorder. Received data helped to formulate principles of psychological correction of dysfunctional conceptions of women with this disorder. Research results also gave field for analysis of image of desired relationship and constructing more harmonized image of conception about sexual relationship. Realization of these principles can be applied if psychological correction is going to be done taking into account such steps as: increasing of level of sexual awareness, work with emotions, correction of relationship strategy construction, work with personal particularities of patients. Given principles and ways will enable to harmonize interpersonal and sexual relationship among those women.
Key words: conceptions about sexual relationship, psychological correction, histrionic personal disorder, sexual dysfunctions, sexual relationships, erotic fantasies, motivation of sexual behavior, values of partner choosing.
This article provides a theoretical analysis of the characteristics of social and perceptual aspects of the selfimage in social network users. It is shown that the self-concept is to some extent dependent on the degree of immersion in communication networks. The more one pays attention to virtual communication and evaluation of themselves through others via the internet communication, the more it affects the social-perceptual aspect of the self-image. It is shown that social networks serve as instruments designed to create the desired self-image, whereas communication with others through the prism of the created image affects perception of themselves and the way they are perceived by others. This phenomenon affects both real life and self-perception. It is found that the reasons for immersion in the space of communication networks are different – from loneliness and the need for communication to the need to be recognized and desire to impress. As a result of the pilot study conducted it was found that the majority of the individuals in the study group are ordinary users of communication networks, while the others display tendency to be social network dependent, no real social network dependents were found. Investigation showed that conformity between self-assessment and the notion of the others’ assessment is more common in regular users of communication networks; such compliance is infrequently observed in heavy users. It was found that the majority of social network users has a low level of social stability and tends to be strongly affected by influential figures. It was determined that social network users in general are characterized by adequate self-esteem, a low degree of egocentricity, the desire to be among the group, identifying themselves with its members, and the complexity of the self-concept.
Key words: social network, self-image, social-perceptual aspect of selfknowledge, communication, personality, egocentricity, Internet.
As a result of the theoretical and methodological analysis of the main areas of the study of a manager’s professional becoming it was concluded that, in accordance with the general tendencies there is a change of research interests in the manager’s professionalization, which is manifested in the increasing attention to the creative, initiative professional nature, his value and sense sphere and self-consciousness. It is noted that in the professional and management self-determination a person combines generalized understanding of management activities and generalized image of himself, determining for himself the meaning of this profession. During the whole professional life of the personality the professional and management selfdetermination is deepening and specifying, resulting in the expansion of professional-manager’s image; during the introspection the selfacceptance as a professional is corrected, the attitude to management profession and to himself in it is revised. The result of each stage is to take the criteria of managerial professionalism and identification with them by the personality. The professional and managerial self-determination is shown to reflect the spontaneous, conscious, selective, purposeful personal approach of the individual to management activities at all stages of his professional development. It is concluded that the main mechanism of professional self-determination is the formation of the personality as the formation of a special type of system relationship within an integrated personal organization. The most important criterion of the realization and productivity of a person’s professional becoming is his ability to find a special meaning in professional work, to design independently, and create his professional life, responsibly make decisions about career choices, profession and place of work. It is generalized that the continuous definition of the place in the world of professions, understanding the social and professional role, relation to professional work, collective group and himself are important components of human life.
Key words: professional and managerial self-determination, choice of profession, person’s professional development, professional life, personality, professional, self-formation, manager’s personality, realization.
The article deals with the specifics of a psychologist’s professional consciousness functioning in the process of psychotherapy. It has been presented the interpretation of a psychologist’s professional consciousness, which is treated as a psychological education, which integrates professional values, scientific and theoretical knowledge, professional activities, and the person’s knowledge of himself as the representative of a certain profession. The content of psychotherapeutic interactions in the context of the functioning of professional consciousness of a psychologist has been presented. A psychological problem of the client has been considered not only as a phenomenon of subjective perception and objective phenomenon that is as a set of contradictions leading to psychological disharmony. There has been studied the situation of psychological influence, which takes place due identification of the meanings of the client, identifying the conceptual contradictions between the structures of the semantic sphere of the subject of psychotherapy that come due certain personal characteristics and affect the choice of behavior strategies of the client. Sense-formation has been considered as the driving force of the process of the professional consciousness functioning. It consists in establishing the meaningful relationship between object or phenomenon on the one hand, and unified life relationships, regulating the activities of the entity, on the other. The characteristics of professional psychological consciousness have been examined. It have been substantiated the structural-functional model of the psychologist’s professional consciousness, the specifics of its functioning on three levels – understanding, interpretation, objectivation. It has been explained that the semantic components of these levels are correlated; semantic professional construct has been defined as the element that retains the functional integrity of professional consciousness.
Key words: professional consciousness, a psychologist’s professional consciousness, psychological situation of a client, structural and functional model of professional consciousness of a psychologist, reflection, sense, sense-formation.
The article deals with the problem of formation of motive skills, accomplished with a leading physical quality of “force”. There have been revealed the influence of nervous system strength on the dynamics of motive and strength skills formation in senior pupils. It is established that at the stage of formation of representations about motor actions the pupils with a weak nervous system receive the preference. The psychological characteristics of senior pupils’ attitude to physical qualities are determined. It is pointed out that the personality’s attitude, which characterizes the degree of interest, the power of emotions and desires regarding the quality of the force may encourage senior pupils to be active in the pedagogical process of its development and motive and strength skills formation. The main motives of lessons in physical culture and sports in early adolescence are established to be pragmatic desires to feel confident in the social environment due to welldeveloped physical qualities and will. The senior pupils’ systematic train- ing in sections in power triathlon is determined to change their personality traits. It is concluded that with the increase of sports qualification and with increasing experience in sports section personality’s volitional qualities increase that is accompanied with the increasing of self-confidence, a tendency to rely on own strength, independence. The level of self-appraisal and self-respect is increasing, and extrovert indices have a tendency to reduce. However, these results characterize the high-class athletes as personalities with lower impulsivity and greater calm of emotional reactions than more introvert or less active personalities. The indicator of personality anxiety also is significantly reduced. Thus, long term specific conditions of activities in power triathlon change not only the level of physical fitness, but also young men’s personality traits.
Key words: motive and strength skills, senior pupils, dynamics in the developing of skills, artificial variety of movements, action manner.